Narrative Essay Examples

An American Family: Rhetorical Analysis of “Searching in the Wrong Places” by Heather Koehler

Every person pictures a different image when it comes to the ideal “All-American Family.” I believe that for every person their interpretation is different due to our culture, histories, and family life. What Heather Koehler does in the essay is collapses the belief that the “All American Family” is limited to how it is portrayed in Leave it to Beaver. Without hesitation when I am asked what the ideal family is to me I would presumably think of a family similar to the Beaver’s. However, I know that this is not realistic, because I am an American and I come from a family that has had many trials and we still love each other unconditionally. Just because my mom doesn’t drive a SUV and my dad doesn’t work as a businessman, does not mean that we aren’t an “All-American Family.”

Koehler uses the continuous binary of what the true meaning of an “All-American Family” is. She writes what people believe it is and then looks at it from a realistic point of view. She collapses the binary by stating the obvious: no family is perfect. Yes, many people want to strive to be a middle-class family that lives in a suburb, however, we would not be Americans if we did. Our individuality and differences make us a unique and diverse country. The value of an American is freedom: not the house you live in or the car you drive. A family is love: not the clothes you wear of the colleges you attend.

A second binary used by Koehler is the comparison of Leave it to Beaver to the “All-American Family.” She writes her essay beginning on the discussion of the beaver family guidelines: nuclear, Caucasian, suburban homeowners, middle-class, and happily together. She collapses this binary by evidence that divorce is prominent in our country and therefore, families are not happy. She also collapses the binary by giving the information about the Shaws family and then after we picture the family being “All-American” she says that they are African Americans. This collapses the binary that all “All-American” families are Caucasian, because the mother and family had the same characteristics as the Beavers, however, they were black.

The last binary I noticed in Koehler’s essay was the use of the show Reba. She says that the family is All-American because “they love one another.” This collapses the binaries of the traditional family because Reba is a show about a dysfunctional family. However, I don’t believe she is fully collapsing the binary because she labels the family as dysfunctional. What makes an American family dysfunctional? Why do we label a family that has a pregnant teen dysfunctional, because once again it is a culturally defined term. “All-American Family” means perfect, dysfunctional means different. Even though Reba’s family has these flaws, it is still an All-American Family. And like I said before, what makes the characteristics of this family seem like flaws?

Koehler organized this piece very well, however I believe that towards the end she contradicted herself because she created a binary that her personal beliefs included. Not one American has the role to determine what an “All-American Family” is. Every American is apart of an American family; doesn’t that make us a large “All-American Family?”

The Role of the American Soldier: A short, patriotic essay about the role of the common American soldier in today’s world.

We live in a very conflicted world today. Billions of people live in poverty, and war is a reality for everyone. However, there is still hope for freedom and a decent quality of life for all people. The American soldiers are the people responsible for protecting and promoting these ideals. While they don’t make the executive military decisions, it’s their loyalty and dedication towards spreading and protecting democracy and freedom that gives them the ability to do their job exceedingly well.

One of the first things that make the American soldiers so good at their jobs is their belief in America. Soldiers are some of the most patriotic Americans because they believe so strongly in American ideals. I think that becoming a soldier and fighting for your country truly allows you to fully comprehend what your country is all about. American soldiers understand and believe in America, and this drives them to do their job and if necessary, die for their country.

The United States of America is the world’s leading superpower, so why should we care about the rest of the world? It is because we have a moral obligation to not only protect ourselves, but to help protect innocent people around the globe from evil and tyranny. It is the responsibility of the American soldiers to fight for justice and to keep evil from harming our world. Overall, they are fighting to keep peace, whether it’s defending an attack or eliminating a threat.

In 2003, the staff of Time Magazine did something that they had never done before. They didn’t give the ‘Person of The Year’ award to a single individual, but instead to a whole group of people, the common American soldiers. I understand why they made that decision. The American soldiers are dedicated to protecting America and making the world a better place. They believe so strongly in life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness that they will die fighting for these ideals. This dedication to their country and beliefs allows them to play a key role in making a better future for humanity.

Synthesis Tom Regan, Carl Cohen, Peter Singer in terms of animal right

Animal rights are one of the most controversial issues today. There has been endless debate about whether or not animals have rights. Philosophers attempt to come up with the moral conclusions by taking in account the many different standpoints and presenting their related arguments. In his essay “The case of animal rights”, Tom Regan, a professor of philosophy at North Carolina State University, defends his view that the center of our moral concern should not bring the suffering on animal as well as treating animals in a certain way. In other words, we should treat animals as if they are our property. We should only use them to benefit us and hurting them is an action that is not morally justifiable. In addition, in his article “All Animal Are Equal”, Peter Singer, an Australian philosopher, has many points which show us that we have responsibilities to protect animal rights. Singer’s argument in his essay gives us a great support to the argument that Reagan trying to discuss in terms of morally equal. In contrast, “The case of the use of animals in biomedical research” by Carl Cohen, a philosophy professor at University of Michigan Medical School, although he agrees with Regan’s idea in terms of moral rights as well as practices that essentially involve harming animals are morally unjustified, he strongly supports for the use of animal in medical research, and scientific experiments to avoid risking human lives. “The case of animal rights”, “all animal are equal” and “The case of the use of animals in biomedical research” introduce to us a new thinking about treating animals.

In his essay, Tom Regan points out theories are deficient in animals. The author discusses “Indirect duty view” which humans should recognize that animals should have the same rights as humans and they have the duty to uphold these rights. Besides that, Regan states in the “Contractarianism” that humans have rights and can protect their rights under the terms of the contract they signed. However, he indicated that animals have no rights because they cannot sign the contract. We humans should have direct duties to all animals. Even the views including “Indirect duty view,” “Cruelty-kindness view,” and “Utilitarian view” fail to protect animal rights, he promotes the right view, which is the inherent value view. The author states that all individuals, including human and nonhuman animals, who are experienced the subject of life, should have equal inherent values and equal rights while being treated with respect.

In addition, Peter Singer agrees with Regan that all animals are morally equal, at least with regard to their suffering. Peter Singer argues the point that animals and humans should be granted “equal consideration.” Granting equal consideration means that humans and animals do not need to be treated exactly the same way, but that they need to be treated in an appropriate manner. Singer believes that suffering is “the vital characteristic that gives a being the right to equal consideration”. If all beings are able to suffer, animals should be treated with consideration equal to humans in most circumstances. Moreover, in his essay “All animals are equal,” Peter Singer points out the case for women’s rights and refers to similar arguments of animal’s rights. Since animal’s rights were absurd, the argument for women’s rights must be mistaken.

In contrast with both Regan and Singer’s views, Carl Cohen gives us strong evidences to demonstrate his standpoints why animals have no rights. He claims rights only exists within a community of moral agents who can make moral claims against each other and just human can exercise moral judgment. He thinks we must at least treat animals humanely, but this does not mean we need to treat them as if they have rights. He also compared the differences between animals with brain damaged persons, senile or young in terms of the ability to make claim which is essential to being a person. That’s why these people are still part of our moral community, but animals are not. Moreover, he strongly supports to the increasing in the use of animals for medical experiments. He agrees that we actually need to increase the number experiments to avoid risking human lives because the increase in longevity , decrease in pain , the significant numbers of lives saved , the quality of human life all depends on such those research or experiments.

Essay on “Rape, Racism, and the Law”

Jennifer Wriggins analyzes the significance how race, ethnicity, and class influence a woman’s vulnerability to rape, the meaning and impact of the rape, and the response of family, of community, and of social institutions. Her article, “Rape, Racism, and the Law,” specifically focuses on the history of rape in the United States between the rapes of White women by Black men. As a feminist, she specifically focuses on two very damaging consequences of this selective blindness: the denials that Black women are raped; and all women are subject to pervasive and harmful sexual coercion of all kinds. Thorough this powerful essay, she examine the legal system’s treatment of rape and how racism plays a major part in denying the rights of African Americans, as well as, deny the veracity of women’s sexual subordination by creating a social meaning of rape which implies that the only type of sexual abuse is “illegal rape” and the only form of illegal rape is Black offender/White victim.

I was exasperated after reading this article. This article highly irritated and annoyed me because of the interconnectedness of rape and racism. As a woman, it is hard not to get heated about this particular subject. Presently, there are now many struggles against rape. And, in acknowledging the struggles against rape one must also acknowledge the difference among women and the different ways that groups other than women are disempowered. In one of the many examples in this essay, racism and justice collide when in 1859 the Mississippi Supreme court dismissed the indictment of a male slave for the rape of a female slave less than 10 years old. “This indictment cannot be sustained, either at common law or under our statutes. It charges no offense known to either system. Slavery was unknown to the common law… and hence its provisions are inapplicable… There is no act which embraces either the attempted or actual commission of a rape by a slave on a female slave… Master and slaves cannot be governed by the same system or laws; so different are their position, right and duties.” This ruling is disheartening in a few ways: Black men are held to lesser standards of restraint with Black women that are white men with White women; second, white men are held to lesser standards of restraint with black women that are Black men with white women. However, neither white nor black men were expected to show sexual restraint with black women. This is truly upsetting, to me, because no man no matter what color should have the right to exercise rape or sexual coercion of any kind with any woman of any color without her consent.

This reading is important to social work practice because it reflects and expansive and integrated approach to understanding rape, racism, and the law. By exploring the interconnectedness of rape and racism, I learned to analyze the assumptions implanted in and surrounding rape, racism, and social institutions. Finally, it develops understanding of the narrow focus of the black offender and the white rape victim, and the denial of the rape of black women, which engages within the cultural assumption of American society that is important to understand in the field of social work. This reading also teaches up to be receptive social work professionals able to work respectfully and competently with diverse population groups, with at the same time to understand and develop a sensitivity and respect for human rights.

Through this reading, it is easy to see how stereotypes of racial and ethnic differences can have impact on a person’s life in regards to consequences, rewards, and punishments. It has not fit in because examining substantive justice arguably requires that human rights to life, well-being, and the commodities essential to life and well-being, be given priority whenever a societal decision is made. Societal conditions and institutional arrangements should be recognized as grounds for justification because they may impose limits and constraints on the choices available to an individual that are as unavoidable and compelling as those imposed by chance or by another human being. It is a scary thought that your skin color or sex could work against you in the legal system, but it does happen. For this reason, it is easy to understand why many women are not reporting these incidents.

A Role Model that has shaped and developed my life, morals, and values

Personal Essay

Every person has a role model that they look up to. This person is a vital part of their life and shapes them as a person and develops their morals and values. For me, this person is my grandmother, Helena Fenton.

My grandma is a huge part of my life. I know I can always look to her for guidance, respect, and knowledge. She has always been there for me when I’ve needed her most. I can confide stuff to her that I can’t tell my parents or friends. She talks to me about my problems and helps me work through them and always gives me good advice. She has experienced so much in her life that it seems she always has an answer for everything because she’s gone through something similar.

I also look up to my grandma as a role model because of who she is as a person. She devotes her whole life to other people. When she was young, she raised her siblings after her parents died when she was only 17. This taught her responsibility and made her basically give up the rest of her childhood to become the primary care giver and guardian of her own siblings. During the war, she became a nurse to help the wounded and dying. Then, she had a family of her own and when my grandpa got sick, took care of her children and her own husband. When my grandpa was dying she told me that she wanted me to do more with my life then she ever has. I told her she was ridiculous, because what she does in her life is just as important as a person with a career or money. It’s better to help other people and do as much as are within your means to help others then to devote your life to the advancement of yourself.

Later on in life, she now gives everything she has to her family. She spends as much time as possible with me, my nephews and nieces, my brothers, and my parents. She also devotes the rest of her life to church and helping others. She practically runs the church that she goes to, organizing countless events and kept it from being financially devastated. And, she takes every opportunity to help the unfortunate. She cooks for homeless shelters, organizes midnight runs, and works at food pantries organizing, storing, and giving out food. She gives all her old stuff to the Salvation Army and always taught me that if I’m not going to use something then it’s better off with someone else that will.

All of this has taught me that some people are self-less. Like my grandma, these people give all they have for the people around them. This is a virtue which I will try to achieve in my life. Although it may be hard, I know that it is possible. My grandma also shaped my morals. She helped me develop wrong from right and how to handle certain situations. She is an example of what I want to be later in life. Although I do want a career, I also want to be like her and give as much as I can to people who can’t help themselves.

Once my grandma passes away I know it will take me awhile to get over the loss because my grandma and I have such a close relationship and she means so much to me. However, I know that she will look down on me and be my guardian angel for the rest of my life and watch over my entire family for generations to come. When I grow up and have a family of my own, I want to be able to tell my kids how great of a person my grandma was. I want to pass her down to them in stories and examples so that they can learn from her life the way that I did. If she can’t be there physically, at least I could try and represent who she was and why she was such a great person. This way, my children might be able to learn the same morals and values that I have learned from my grandma and she might help shape them for the better in the way I know she has shaped me.

The British Empire and characters in “Gandhi” and “The Patriot”.

Compared Films: “Gandhi” & “The Patriot”

“Non-violence is the greatest force of mankind; it is mightier than the mightiest weapon of destruction devised by the ingenuity of men.” – Mahatma Gandhi.

“This war will be fought, not on the frontier or on some distant battlefield, but amongst us, among our homes. Our children will learn of it with their own eyes. And the innocent will die with the rest of us.” – Benjamin Martin.

The British are coming ! To a theatre near you…

An Essay By Henning Thiel

The British have often been depicted as oppressors in feature films. In 1980 Richard Attenborough filmed “Gandhi” and more recently, in 2000, Roland Emmerich filmed “The Patriot”. Both movies can be analyzed in regards to the oppressors, the oppressed and the tactics of resolving the conflicts. While “Gandhi” tries to stay true to historical events, “The Patriot” uses history as a back-story to a fictional Hollywood tale of revenge. Because of this difference, the individual characters and the British Empire are portrayed differently, though there are similarities as well.

The films neither glorify nor demonize the British Forces as a whole, however both movies have a specific British character that stands out. In “Gandhi” the antagonist is the entire British force, however they use General Dyer as an extremist, when he shoots 1516 Indians with 1650 bullets at the Amritsar massacre. General Dyer is shown remorseful in the following court martial scene, while Colonel Tavington from “The Patriot” is demonized beyond redemption when he kills Benjamin Martins son Thomas. Both films redeem some British characters by having them sympathize with the oppressed. In “Gandhi”, a judge clearly doesn’t agree with a sentence he has to put upon Mahatma and in “The Patriot” there are several scenes where not all soldiers agree with Colonel Tavington’s orders to shoot the wounded or burn the church.

The Oppressed do not have as many similarities as the Oppressors. We are comparing a country of 350 Million Indians to 13 colonies in early America. Gandhi forces the British to act by undermining their economy, for example by having all of India burn their English clothes and making their own homespun instead. The Indian masses in general are portrayed as poor people. In “The Patriot” the oppressed feel that the colonies should govern themselves and they are angry about “taxation without representation” as Benjamin Martin proclaims in the court scene. As war breaks out, Benjamin Martin only enters the fight, because Thomas gets killed. He is a multi-layered character as he has a dark side that is best seen at the first encounter with the 20 soldiers he kills to free Gabriel. He can’t hide the fact that he has a barbaric side in him that made him famous in the “wilderness campaign” as a young man. Gandhi detests violence and says, “I am a soldier of peace.” Though Benjamin Martin opposes the war, he is not a ‘soldier of peace’. He will stop at nothing to win and to gain his revenge for the death of his sons and independence for his country.

The analysis of the tactics has the greatest differences as the two protagonists have completely different views and use opposite tactics. In Gandhi we see a man who would rather die through fasting, before killing one British soul. The Indians defy the British by non-violent non-cooperation and Gandhi correctly stated that, “100000 Englishmen simply cannot control 350 Million Indians, if these Indians refuse to cooperate.” A complete contrast is Benjamin Martin in “The Patriot”. He becomes a militia leader and employs unconventional warfare against the British military to win his battles as several scenes show him using guerilla tactics. Until Colonel Tavington takes over, the British do not know how to handle “The Ghost” and his cunning warrior style.

There are many ways to compare and analyze these two films. “Gandhi” is based on historical facts and tries to convey the message that peace and love will always prevail, even if pain is inflicted along the way. However, even if you are leading 350 million people united towards a common goal, you will not be able to satisfy every one of them, which was the reason for Mahatma’s assassination on January 30th, 1948. To this day there are conflicts between India and Pakistan. As these countries have now become nuclear powers as well, it remains to be seen if Gandhi’s wisdom is still within some of the people in power. When Albert Einstein heard of Gandhi’s death, he said, “Generations to come will scarce believe that such a one as this ever in flesh and blood, walked upon this earth.” And in the words of General George C. Marshall, we can sum up what Gandhi stood for and what he will hopefully always be remembered by: “Mahatma Gandhi has become the spokesman for the conscience of all mankind. He was a man who made humility and simple truth more powerful than Empires.” The message or moral in “The Patriot” was not as powerful as in “Gandhi”. They made an attempt to include a message of hope about a better future, but we know that civil war followed that time, that black segregation and slavery took place and even today racism is still a daily problem in America. I believe, there is still a lot of progress to be made.

The 5 Paragraph Essay Format

This is only one method of organizing an essay.Introductory paragraphA. Catches the reader’s interestB. Gives brief background on your topicC. Begins or ends with the thesis statementBody (paragraphs 2, 3, etc.)A. Develops, expands, and/or supports the thesis statementB. Includes a topic sentence for each paragraphC. Includes supporting details which reinforce the topic sentence.Concluding paragraphA. Restates the thesis or sums up the argument.B. Tells the reader what you think is important to remember. (Often, this is a personal response).C. Never introduces new information in the conclusion. Extend your thinking on something from the essay.

The 5 Paragraph Essay Format

The first paragraph:

1) Begins with a topic sentence that introduces a general theme.

2) Follows the topic sentence with sentences that narrow the focus of the theme, so that it is less general.

3) Introduces the author of the text you are writing about.

4) Introduces the title of that text.

5) Narrows the discussion of the topic by identifying an issue or problem.

6) Finishes by making a debatable claim (a thesis statement, which is defined as a debatable point/claim).

Body paragraphs:

1) Begin with topic sentences that clearly relate to the topic, or issue, or problem, which was identified in the introductory paragraph.

2) Sentences that elaborate on the issue, or problem discussed in the introductory paragraph, and also demonstrates a clear connection to the thesis statement.

3) A sentence or sentences that make a claim about the topic, issue, problem.

4) A quote from the text you are analyzing that supports your claim.

5) Your interpretation of that quote, which explains how you arrived at your conclusion, and also demonstrates a clear connection to the thesis statement.

· Body parargraphs employ the One, Two, Three Rule, which is:

1) Make a debatable claim.

2) Support the claim with a quote.

3) Explain the connection between your claim and the quote, which means you make an intellectual conclusion.

Concluding paragraph:

1) Begins with a topic sentence that clearly relates to the topic, or issue, or problem that was identified in the introductory paragraph.

2) Sentences that make connections with, or revisit, point from your introductory paragraph and your body paragraphs. These points now serve to close your argument.

3) A synthesis of these points that clearly demonstrates the focus of your thesis statement.

4) A final comment, or intellectual conclusion of sorts that points out the larger significance of your argument. Also see the handout How to Structure and Organize Your Essays.

How to Structure and Organize Your Essays

Structure and Organization: first of all, how do they differ?

Structure simply means that each individual paragraph does what it is supposed to do. Alright then, what is a paragraph supposed to do? It depends what type of paragraph it is. The types of paragraphs are as follows:

The introductory paragraph.

The body paragraphs.

The concluding paragraph.

Basically, you just want to make certain that:

Your introductory paragraph does its job. Your body paragraphs do their job. Your concluding paragraph does its job. For a one page handout that explains exactly what each paragraph must do, see The 5 Paragraph Essay Format.

Okay, So Much for Structure, Now What About Organization?

Organization is all about body paragraphs. Why? Because everything that comes between your first paragraph and last paragraph is a body paragraph. Your essay is mostly made up of body paragraphs.

What is Organization?

It is how you order the information. Think of it this way: in your essay you make a number of claims and provide much information that supports those claims. How you order claims and information is your essay’s organization.

Example:

You are writing a paper on the current state of research on human cloning. You decide to include two paragraphs of background information on the history of cloning research. The two paragraphs appear on page four of your five page paper.

Your professor suggests that the organization require revision because there is an abrupt shift in the essay’s narrative. Why after almost four full pages about the current state of cloning research does your reader get two paragraphs on history?

Including history is fine, but perhaps it should be included at the beginning of the paper, so that your narrative moves from the early days of cloning research to the current state of cloning research.

It is the same information, but ordered differently.

A Creative Research paper on Abortion

On a Monday morning, about two years ago, a boy named Joseph woke up and got ready for school just like any other day, but little did he know his life was about to change. That day while he was at school he saw his girlfriend Jennifer like he did every other day, this time she had a strange look on her face and said, “Joseph we need to talk after school.” So, two o’clock came around and the bell rang for school to let out. Joseph went and found Jennifer so they could walk home together and talk. As they started to walk Jennifer said, “I think we should sit down to talk.” As they sat down Jennifer began to cry and put her hands on her face. Joseph asked, “What’s wrong baby.” She responded, “I’m pregnant.” She told him that she wanted to keep the baby, but he didn’t want to. He did not want to have a kid at sixteen and ruin his life but there was nothing he could do because only a woman can choose to have an abortion. So he finally decided to agree with her since she was going to have the baby either way. So he went to talk to her about what they were going to do once the baby was born, but she said she was going to make all the decisions about the baby without him. Now she would get to decide whether to keep the baby after it was born or put it up for adoption and Joseph once again could not do anything.

Nine months later the baby was born and Jennifer decided to put the baby up for adoption. For that Joseph could not forgive her no matter how much he loved her. This devastated him physically and mentally. For months he just sat in his room alone and cried wishing he could have done something. He never tried in school anymore, causing his grades to drop severely, and eventually dropped out. He no longer had trust in anyone, and did not date for more than 2 years after that. His entire life was changed because he had no reproductive rights.

Some people say that all this could be prevented by having the male where a condom during intercourse, but condoms are not 100 percent effective. These people also say when the condom is ineffective and a girl gets pregnant she should get to make all the decisions. Also strong feminists feel that the morning after pill is wrong because it is stopping a baby that would be conceived from ever making it that far. First she gets to decide whether or not to have an abortion. Then she gets to decide whether to keep the baby or put it up for adoption. According to them women should get to decide because she has to carry the baby and women are more nurturing than men. So, if the girl wants to she can choose not to let the father have a voice in any of her decisions.

When some people talk about abortions they refer to it as “the right to choose.” “The right to choose” just means that a woman has the right to choose whether or not to keep a baby. An abortion is the killing of a fetus medically. The term pro-choice refers to people who believe that women should be able to get abortions, while pro-life refers to people who are against abortions.

When people think of the word abortion they think of a woman’s choice to have a baby or not, but two people should be involved in this decision. If women can choose whether or not to have babies, so should men. Men should have an equal part in the decision making about abortions because it is sexist for them not too, it affects both people, and it could affect the child’s life. After the child is born it is harder for the male to get custody of the child over the mother. The mother can also put her baby up for adoption with out the consent of the father. Men must have the same reproductive rights as women or no longer be obligated to father the baby.

When it comes to reproductive rights, women have all the power, while men have none. If feminists really believe in equality, then they must agree that the power must be shared equally among both men and women. One out of every four children is born out of wedlock. While 1.6 million women have an abortion and decline parenthood each year, half a million men have their paternities established in court. About 33 percent of births may be unintended according to fathers. Men have been treated as an under class without reproductive rights. Denying men reproductive rights is humiliating, oppressive, and offensive to the basic principles of human dignity.

Men are entitled to as much reproductive “choice” as women, and should be allowed to terminate their paternal rights and responsibilities under the same conditions governing women’s rights to terminate their pregnancies. Unplanned fatherhood can completely disrupt a man’s life. It disrupts his education, mental health, and entire family life. Psychological harm and heartbreak may result along with that his mental and physical health may suffer. For example a twenty five year old man got is twenty year old girlfriend pregnant. She said she was going to have the baby, but then she decided to have an abortion without telling him. After that happened he didn’t date anyone for over a year and lost all interest in sex. The unwanted child may also suffer distress. And the man involved may have to carry a social stigma as a result of being an unmarried father.

Unlike Feminists, advocates of choice for men seldom assert a man’s right to terminate is absolute. They just advocate that the decision as to whether a particular man will terminate his parental rights and responsibilities is a decision that should be made by that man, in the same way a woman decides whether she is going to have an abortion. Although, this position is not without ethical problems, what is a child going to feel like when it grows up and finds its own father disowned and rejected it? In the case of an abortion, at least the child is dead and does not know that it has been rejected and killed. On the other hand, at least the child whose father has exercised his “choice” is still alive. The pro-choice groups favor choice as long as it’s for women, only. When it comes to men, they use the same arguments that the pro-life lobby does. This demonstrates their hypocrisy. They say women must have choice as to what to do with their own fertility, but men have no rights except to pay for the choices women make. If a woman signs an abortion form, then she has robbed the father of his child, whose existence he may not even have been aware of. If she does not sign an abortion form, then he is saddled with a child whom he has to bring up, or whose upkeep he has to pay for. While all along he may have thought she was infertile or protected by contraception. Also while the man does make a fifty percent contribution to conceive a child, he should be absolved of his responsibilities if he has no decision making power. Such is the dominance women have over western society that their rights override the rights of both unborn children and fathers. The Feminist slogan “her body, her choice” is so widely accepted that anything inside her is hers to do with as she likes. This ignores the fact that a fetus is only inside her body because a man helped put it there. That man has rights over the fetus as well. After all, there is no widely available alternative at present for a man who wants to have his own natural children he has to persuade a woman to bear it for him.

The father may have strong views as to whether he wants the child to be born or not, and they should be taken into account. After all, once the child is born the father may well be obliged to rear it, make payments to the mother in cases of separation or divorce, have some of his estate go to it when he dies, and so on. Simply put, it is inequitable for the mother to have the unilateral right to decide whether to thrust these duties and liabilities on the father.

There is a very strong resemblance between reproductive rights and an old Roman family law. In Ancient Rome, the father was head of the household, and had power of life and death over his slaves, and also over his other people, such as his children and his wife. If this was still in effect today it would be widely viewed with moral outrage. But, the reproductive rights of mothers are almost the same as that old Roman law. Mothers have the power to choose whether their child lives or dies, while men have no say in it. Mothers also have the ability to force a man to pay child support for eighteen years to take care of a child he will never see.

When the word abortion comes up people need to think of men and women. Men should get to help in the decision of whether or not to have a baby when there is an unplanned pregnancy. Also after a baby is born men should get to help decide what to do with the baby. If the mother wants to put the baby up for adoption the father should be able to take the baby if he wants. Men should have equal rights in every decision made involving having a baby, or they should have the choice to no longer be obligated to caring for the baby.

Narrative Essay- Role Model Mom

Nobody really understood. They didn’t understand what they were talking about when they told me my mom was “perfect”. Sure she was beautiful, intelligent, successful, and rich as well. But, everyone always seems to forget about the past. The scars. It didn’t show on her surface, but my mom had at least one hidden scar that she now covered up. And, because she covered it up, nobody knew about it, and she became the “role model” person in my life.

She had always told me she left him out of love. He always told me he had left her out of guilt. Being young and naive, I didn’t understand that. I had thought love was when a boy and a girl got married because they liked each other a lot. And, my mother and father had gotten married once. While they were married, they had me. I don’t remember very much from my childhood but I can expect it was fine. I always asked to hear the stories, because I loved hearing them. My aunt Jemma was always so eager to fill my ears with the pleasing tales. “You were the perfect family,” she used to say. “Young and new and happy,” she would say. But it didn’t stay like that for long. I now realize that it was my father’s actions that caught up with him, and my mother’s realisations that caught up with her. Whether they split out of love or out of guilt, I might never know. All I know is that I continued living with my mom, and I thought nothing could have been better.

We lived in a clean penthouse apartment that looked out over the rest of the city. It was a beautiful house, and was much too big for just the both of us. We were like the only two fish swimming in the whole ocean- in that place. Our modern furniture and expensive appliances barely accounted for the smallest amount of the luxury in our lives. I guess my mom had played the cards right. I had never seen a woman more successful in my life, and neither had my friends.

At first glance, I didn’t look any different than they did, and certainly didn’t act differently either. I was just like any of the other kids in my 5th grade class. Worn overalls, animated shirts, dark brown hair. And, there was certainly nothing wrong with my personality. I was generous, witty, and adventurous enough, for my age. I wasn’t really any smarter, prettier or athletic than anyone else; I was pretty average. That is probably why my friends were the most shocked when they got the inside peek on my family.

I know that I was very lucky to have such a comfortable life. Most of my friends only dreamt about having a housekeeper. It was usually the housekeeper that babysat me before school, after school, and well, most weekends too. That was only because my mom worked late shifts every night except Friday and Sunday, but on those nights would go to the gym, or out to dinner. In my head, I would forgive her for not spending time with me. Sure, it got a little lonely sometimes, but I didn’t want to be selfish. She had to work so much to support me, right?

That was how I thought, until I met Katrina’s mom. I met Katrina in my new class in grade 6. I usually was a little shy to talk to someone if I didn’t know them, but I couldn’t help but ask Katrina what was the matter that day, because she was crying. Her fish had died that morning, the first day of school. Having two dollars in my pocket, I asked her to come to the pet store after school with me that day, and I bought her a new fish. Proud, I came home that night, eager to tell my mom what a good deed I had done. Remembering it was Tuesday, I laughed at myself and shrugged for even thinking my mom would be home.

I got to know Katrina better and I spent more and more time at her house. I started to realize how truly lucky I was to have what I did, because Katrina’s family seemed to have a lot less than I did. They lived in a small, charming wooden house on an acre of farm. It wasn’t a bad thing to live on a farm- it was just different than what I was used to- but I loved it. I loved coming to their house because each time, a new smell filled the air. Sometimes it would be apple pie, sometimes a roast, and sometimes the aroma of fresh baked chocolate cookies. Sometimes, it was just lovingness that filled the air, but it was that ingredient that I couldn’t help forget when I returned home each day. They made me feel at home, away from home.

The one big difference I found between my house and Katrina’s, was that her mom was always home to give us hugs and food and help with our homework. Katrina and her mom really got along. Sometimes it made me wonder: if my mom were around that much, would we be getting along so well? Did all mothers and their daughters get along that well? My mom had never been there like that for me.

One night I learned a lot about her family. Katrina had lost her dad a long time ago, just like I had. The only difference, was that she lost her dad to cancer when she was 3. Her mom had had to raise Katrina and her two brothers single-handedly, and almost went broke. Katrina’s mom told us about the Christmas after her husband died. “It was pathetic,” she said. “It made me want to cry. All that I had to feed my children was a small miserable turkey that a neighbour brought over for us. The only thing I really was thankful for that day, was my kids.”

When she said that, two impressing words sprang into my mind. I couldn’t help but say it, right there and then, “You’re my Role Model”.

She didn’t need to be the smartest, richest, or prettiest. She was amazing simply because she took the time to do the most important job of all. Love her children.

This essay discusses how advertisement effects people’s lives

As Americans we are exposed to advertisements everyday. People are pressured from every direction by advertisements which exploit their deepest fears, attractions, needs, and desires, shaping their behaviors, goals, and thoughts. They are led into believing false information and promises that are mostly never kept, all for the simple reason of selling the product and making profit. We see advertisements everywhere–in magazines and newspapers, on the radio, on TV, online, in the mail, even over the phone. These advertisements use the basic ideas of either providing an elite status with the possession of the product, or giving a sense of belonging to a group or community. Since the recent military activity in Iraq and Afghanistan, another ever present idea has been made prominent and that is using patriotism to evoke people’s desires. Americans are persuaded into buying unnecessary items everyday; however, we need to realize that no matter what advertisements say we should purchase items for their usefulness, not to fill voids in our lives, so we can help eliminate the problem we face today of being a materialistic society.

The patriotic theme affecting people’s hearts, minds and senses, is commonly used to manipulate them into buying things. Since everyone has love for their country, using it to sell products is a brilliant idea, but I believe this is a bad practice. It makes people believe they are not ideal Americans, nor are they similar to the people around them if they do not buy that product. The Palmolive advertisement, in Seeing and Writing 2, is a key example, it appeals to the wives of the men at war in World War II (417). On the top of this advertisement there are three medals which contain picture of three different men in their uniforms and the words “For Him” appear next to each picture. In the lower part of the advertisement there is a woman looking up at these medals and above her head are the words, “I pledge myself to guard every bit of Beauty that he cherishes in me”, and finally in the background there are several faces of women also looking towards the medals. This advertisement is basically communicating to the wives the idea of guarding their beauty, by using this soap, just like their husbands are guarding their country. The ironic fact is that soap cannot make someone beautiful, nor do people lose their beauty if they do not use the correct brand of soap. This advertisement is connecting a heroic and patriotic act to one used for mere beauty, in order to sell the soap.

The Palmolive advertisement was run in 1943, but a more current advertisement which uses similar attributes is Chevrolet and its slogan for its recent line of cars, “An American Revolution.” This slogan is always placed on a blue sky background and the writing is in bold white letters, except for the “E” in “Revolution”, this letter is written in red ink. So when you come across this slogan, not only does the slogan sound patriotic to you, it also appears to be patriotic because it incorporates the red, the white and the blue. This phrase says to its audience that every American is buying and driving a Chevy car and so should they. Another detail that could be interpreted out of this advertisement is that since the U.S. is currently at war and fighting a revolution against terrorism, a person living in the U.S. can participate in this patriotic revolution by purchasing a Chevrolet. This would be true only if Chevrolet was funding the war, instead of the US government.

Along with this, another advertisement that exploits this concept was the Netzero advertisement run during the time before the elections. In this advertisement the spokesman was running for President under the alias of Candidate Zero. His main goal was to provide cheaper and faster internet to every family and household. In order to get people’s attention, this clever idea was used, and it certainly worked on people like me. Viewers could also connect the advertisement with the actual presidential race and that way the product of the advertisement was stuck in their conscious awareness. The whole patriotic theme is strange because the connection between patriotism and the product does not make the product function better, so why do we feel obligated to pay attention to the advertisement and even purchase that product.

Along with patriotism another concept used widely is the elitism the product brings to people with its possession. As Jack Solomon wrote in his essay Masters of Desire, “We Americans dream of rising about the crowd, of attaining a social summit beyond the reach of ordinary citizens” (1). He is basically saying that Americans want to be better then the people around them and this belief is what marketers feast on, creating status symbols like Rolex, Mercedes, BMW, etc. One advertisement that crosses my mind in terms of using elitism would be the new U2 iPod Special Edition advertisement. This promotes an iPod with a black cover and laser engraved signatures of the U2 band members; everything else is similar to a regular iPod; whereas, the price is $50 more. People are led into believing that the U2 iPod is better than the regular one only because it is endorsed by U2. Another ironic detail is that a normal iPod itself is a product of elitism, because even though it has similar functions to a Sony or any other MP3 player, it costs $100 more only because it comes with the signature white headphones. These headphones, unique only because an iPod come equipped with them, have made themselves and the iPod a status symbol. Most people only buy an iPod because they want the headphones to show the illusion of superiority and uniqueness. Solomon says, “The explanation is quite simple: when an object (or puppy!) either costs a lot of money or requires influential connections to possess, anyone who possesses it must also possess the necessary means of influence to acquire it” (3). This explains why the white headphones have made the iPod a status symbol, since its shows possession of an expensive item, even though rationally speaking the color of the headphones does not make the iPod function better, they only make it different.

Solomon also talks about another part of the American Dream, in which belonging to a group is important. The Chevrolet slogan connects us to the entire American population; the iPod connects us to other owners of an iPod, and so on. We need a sense of connection and belonging, fulfilling our need for attention and affection. Abraham Maslow, a founder of humanistic psychology, created a triangle in which he placed a person’s needs in the order they needed to be fulfilled and the need for love and belonging was the third basic need. Disillusioned by the advertisements, people try to fulfill this need by buying the products. This proves that using this theme advertisers are able to affect the person on much deeper levels then recognizable, yet by no means does the product itself become more useful.

It is understandable that advertisers need to appeal to people in order to sell their product and that is why they use these tactics, but what is not understandable is while knowing the truth people believe the hoaxes and let advertisements dictate what they are going to buy. People need to realize that products should not be used to fulfill our weaknesses; they should be consumed based on our needs, because companies will keep manufacturing status symbols until we accept that products and items are only materialistic and we can never attain all the luxury items around us. We are scammed into buying false promises everyday, after we realize that we have a choice against it, we can choose not to let advertisements or minor details about the product like the endorsements, or the color of headphones, or the catchy slogan persuade us into buying a certain item.

this essay is over the events and studys of aristotles life there is a work sited page and work sited in the essay also

After the death of Plato in 347 BC, Aristotle moved to Assos, or city in Asia Minor, where a friend of his, Hemias was the ruler. There he counseled Hermias and married his niece and adopted daughter Pythias. After Hermias was captured and executed by the Persians, Aristotle went to Pella, the Mededonian capital, where he became the tutor to the Kings young son, Alexander, later known as Alexander the Great. In 335 BC, when Alexander became King, Aristotle returned to Athens and established his own school, The Lyceum. Because much of the discussion in his school took place while teachers and students were walking about Lyceum grounds, Aristotle’s school came to be know at the Peripatetic (“Walking” or “Strolling”) school. Upon the death of Alexander in 323 BC, strong anti-Macedonian feeling developed in Athens, and Aristotle retired to a family estate in Euboea. He died there the following year.

Aristotle, like Plato, made regular use of the dialogue in his earliest years at the Academy. But lacking Plato’s imaginative gifts, he probably never found the congenial. Apart from a few fragments in the works of later writes, his dialogues have been wholly lost. Aristotle also wrote some short technical notes. One was “a dictionary of philosophic terms and a summary of the doctrines of Pythagoras”, (Aristotle The Man And His Work pg. 71). Only a few brief excepts have survived. Still extant, however, are Aristotle’s lecture notes for carefully outlined courses treating almost ever branch of knowledge and art. The texts of which Aristotle’s reputation rests are largely based on these lecture notes, which were collected and arranged by later editors.

Among the tests are treatises on logic, called Organon (“instrument”), “they provided the means by which positive knowledge is to be attained “. (Greek Philosopher pg. 23). Aristotle’s works on natural science included Physics, which gives a vast amount of information on astronomy, meteorology, plants, and animals. His writings on the nature, scope, and properties of being, which Aristotle called First Philosophy, were given the title Metaphysics in the first published edition of his works, because in that

they followed physics. His treatment of the Prime Mover, or first cause, as pure intellect, perfect in unity, immutable and as he said, “the thought of thought”, (Greek Philosophers pg. 28), is given in the Metaphysics. To his son Nicomachus he dedicated his work include his Rhetoric, his Poetics and his Politics. Which most are incomplete form.

Aristotle laid he’s philosophy on biology, in contrast to Plato’s emphasis on mathematics. “Aristotle regarded the world as made up of individuals (substances) occurring in fixed natural kinds (species)” (Aristotle The Man And His Work pg 43). Each individual has its built-in specific pattern of development and grows towards proper self-realization as a specimen of its type. Growth, purpose, and direction are thus built into nature. Although studies, general kinds, according to Aristotle, these kinds find their existence in particular individuals.

One of the most distinctive of Aristotle’s philosophic contributions was a new notion of causality. “Each thing or event has more than one reason that helps the explain what, why and where it is”. (Aristotle: A Critical Biography pg. 104). Early Greek thinkers had tended to assume that only one sort of cause can be really explanatory; Aristotle proposed four.

These four causes are the material cause, the matter out of which a thing is made; the efficient cause, the source of motion, generation, or change; the formal cause, which is the species, kind or type; and the final cause, the goal, or full development, of an individual, or the intended function of a construction or invention. Aristotle uses Sculptors to explain his four causes, “the material cause of a statue is the marble from which it was carved; the efficient cause is the Sculptor, the formal cause is the shape the Sculptor visualized; and the final cause is its function, to be a work of art” (Aristotle: A Critical Biography pg. 78).

In the context, Aristotle insists, “that something can be better understood when its cause can be stated in specific terms rather than in general terms”, (Aristotle” A Critical Biography pg. 79). Aristotle thought

his causal pattern was the ideal key for organizing knowledge. His lecture notes present impressive evidence of the power of this scheme.

Aristotle study of Psychology was the study of the soul. Aristotle insisted that forms and matter always exist together, Aristotle defined a soul as a “kind of functioning of a body organized so that it can support vital functions”, (Aristotle: A Critical Biography pg. 91.). In considering the soul as essentially associated with the body, he challenged the Pythagarean doctrine that the soul is a Spiritual entity imprisoned in the body. Aristotle’s’ doctrine is a synthesis of the earlier notion that the soul does not exist apart from the body and of the Platonic notion of a soul as a separate, non-physical entity.

Through the functioning of the soul, the moral and intellectual aspects of humanity are developed, Aristotle argued that “human insight in its highest form is not reducible to a mechanical physical process.” (Aristotle The Man And His Work pg. 47). Such insight presupposes an individual “passive mind: that does not appear to renascent physical nature. Aristotle clearly stated the relationship between human insight and the senses in what has become a slogan of empiricism-the view that knowledge is grounded in sense experience. “There is nothing in the intellect that was not first in the senses.” (Aristotle The Man And His Work pg. 50).

Aristotle developed rules for the chains of reasoning that would, if followed, never lead from true premises to false conclusions. In reasoning, the basic links are syllogisms: pairs of propositions that, taken together, give a new conclusion. Aristotle says, “All Humans are Mortal and All Greeks are Humans. Then all Greeks are Mortal” (Greek Philosophers pg. 99). In his logic, Aristotle distinguished between dialect and analytic. Dialect, he held, only tests opinions. For their logical consistency; analytic works deductively form principles resting on experience and precise observations. This is the first break Aristotle has from Plato’s Academy, where dialectic was supposed to be the only proper method for science and philosophy alike.

In Aristotle’s metaphysics, Aristotle argued for the existence of a divine being, described as the Prime Mover, who is responsible for the unity and purposefulness of nature. God is perfect and therefore, the aspiration of all things in the world, because all things desire to share perfection. Other movers exist as well-the intelligent movers of the planets and stars, Aristotle suggested “there is fifty-five or forty-seven movers” (Aristotle The Man And His Work pg. 82). The Prime Mover, or God, described by Aristotle is not very suitable for religious purposes, as many later philosophers and theologians have observed. Aristotle limited his “theology” however, to what he believed science requires and can establish.

Aristotle was a man before his time. He was influenced by Plato and passed him in many aspects. Aristotle took what he was taught by Plato studied it and then bettered it. Aristotle studied a complex of different things from human nature to the Supreme Being. Aristotle questioned everything and anything this is one trait that he picked up from Plato. Aristotle believed that everything has more than one reason or answer. The wide range of Aristotle study’s have influenced into present day. It has even helped shape modern language and common sense. His doctrine of the Prime Mover an final cause plays an important role in theology. Until the 20th century, logic meant Aristotle’s logic. Until the Renaissance and even later, astronomers and poets alike admired his concepts of the universe. Zoology rested on Aristotle’s work until Charles Darwin modified the doctrine of the changlesness of the species in the 19th century. In the 20th century a new appreciation has developed of Aristotle’s method and its relevance to education, literary, criticism, the analysis of human action, and political analysis.

Aristotle has to be one of the worlds greatest thinkers if not the greatest thinker of all time. There is not many men in the history of the world that has influenced so many, or been cited over the amount of time as Aristotle has. Darwin remarks that the intellectual heroes of his time “were mere school boys compared to Old Aristotle.”

Abortion: Choice Vs. Murder, an argumentative paper

Is it a right to have children or is it a privilege? Does every women have the right to chose to have a child or to have an abortion?

Having an abortion can only be decide by women, due to the fact, that the abortion has a lifelong changing effect that is irreversible. No other person has the right to choose for her. She is the individual, who will under go all the transformations that pregnancy has in store.

Therefore, the choice she makes can only be hers. An unwanted pregnancy can be very difficult for women; especially if the pregnancy was unplanned for, or if she had not taken the proper precautions to ensure a pregnancy

would not occur. The worst-case scenario of an pregnancy leading into an abortion, would be if it were a product of a violent crime, such as rape or incest.

Why should women be made to care for children that were not intentionally wanted or planned for in their future? How can we expect women to expose themselves to a life-threatening encounter caused by the

fetus? (Thomson par. 11)

How can we grant a fetus the right to live without taking away the woman’s right to decide whether or not to carry the fetus to term? The fetus, according to United Kingdom researchers, is unable to feel pain until the 27th week of gestation; therefore, not considered a person. At that time, the fetus is not a baby but a “birth product” or

non-descript mass of tissue. This makes the abortion safe in the first 12 weeks of gestation, because there is no “baby.”

Unwanted pregnancies turn into unwanted, abused, or neglected children. Why continue to overload society’s public assistants programs, such as foster care, that are already fragile and overwhelmed enough with unwanted children? It is an injustice that these women who chose to abort are called cruel murders? After all, these women are exercising their right to decide where they stand, either pro-choice or pro-life.

How can a person make the decision to take another persons life away? In an abortion that is exactly what happens. In any other situation, this would be considered murder. (Marquis par. 8)

This so-called cell has the ability to divide itself and create the environment it needs to fully mature into a human being. How can we say it is not a real person? Abortion then becomes a way of legalized murder. Whose

responsibility does it become to care for, or look out for, the unborn Child’s right to life? Those so called unwanted children have the ability to fulfill the void of parents who are unable to conceive on their own. Why not place these children up for adoption? “To say that every pregnancy, even our own was a planned or wanted pregnancy would be a miss-conception…But, yet here we are. For almost every pregnancy that was truly unwanted has resulted in a dearly loved and wanted son or

daughter.” ( J.C. Willke 1998 C. 31)

Even a woman who uses contraceptives knows that they are not one hundred percent foolproof. If she has consented to having sex, she has accepted the responsibility for what or rather who may come from that encounter. After all, the only sure way to prevent pregnancy is abstinence.

(Thomson par. 5)

In a Prenalionon Presentation given by Dr. Ranalli acting President of the Deveber Institute for Bioethics and Social Research at the University of Toronto stated that “Spino-Thahamic System” is fully developed by about the 12th to 14th week of gestation and that it can convey pain signals to the fetus. Even the same researchers from the United Kingdom who said the fetus was unable to feel pain, have also said that painkillers should be administered to a fetus up to 26th weeks of gestation, ensuring that no pain or discomfort is felt. So how can

they say it is not really a human being but a “birth product?”

In conclusion, is having a child a right or a privilege that is abused too often? In my opinion, having children is a privilege that is considered a right with an unequal opportunity of life for the fetus.

My National Honor Society (NHS) Essay

Being a nominee, I realize that the National Honor Society is an honor to be in itself. Since The National Honor Society is dedicated to helping the needy, children, the elderly and non-profit organizations. I feel that this is the right society for me because since I was a child, I have been noted for my exceptional empathy. My parents have always instilled in me a sense of responsibility and care for others. I feel obligated to utilize my gifts in an organization as prestigious as the National Honor Society. Over the past years as a scholar, I believe that I have demonstrated all four principles: scholarship, leadership, character, and service.

During my high school career, I have put a lot of effort into my schoolwork and have challenged myself with many advanced courses. I have successfully been competing with other students for the top position in certain subjects since elementary school. I have received the Honor roll every year since I moved to the United States. Being selected as a potential candidate for the NHS proves my academics but what makes me a great candidate is not just my average.

It is difficult to narrow down the many instances where I have showed great leadership but many can be found in my involvements in teamwork. I have been looked to as a leader and have taken responsibility for various group projects. I have discovered much about fairness, compromise, and responsible qualities that are required to be a “good” leader. Often, I have had to sacrifice my own free time and personal desires for the benefit of the group. I believe this is the most important part of being a leader, the ability to sacrifice individual time and desires for the overall gain of the people that you are leading.

I haven’t had much involvement in the local community but I have been a benefit to the internet community. I design and maintain web sites at my own cost and time and hold administrator and moderator positions in several popular online forums related to technology and computers. I spend over 20-hours a week on maintaining the sites. My main role is to answer people’s questions and help them with technological problems. My skills are broad in this category. I have knowledge of several programming languages, including HTML, BASIC, PHP, and VB and also do graphic design. Part of my requirement, is to use those skills and help people that need it. The only payment I receive out of this is the pleasure and self satisfaction of helping others.

There are great qualities in my character and the following are only a few of the many. I have discovered that I have a lot of empathy towards the needy. I uphold principles of morality and ethics. I am very cooperative. I try very hard to be completely honest and reliable. I am not judgmental towards my peers’ differences. I also am a very curious person by nature.

Due to my abilities and previous experience, I can be considered a valuable candidate because I demonstrate the qualities of leadership, scholarship, service, and character. I also feel that if I am fortunate enough to earn inclusion in the NHS, that I would do nothing detract from the prestige and respectability that is associated with the National Honor Society.

Role Models In Literature

The characters found in works of fictional literature are often based upon the ideals and conventions held by society. These stereotypical designations begin in early childhood with heroic tales of valiant and courageous young princes, magnificent dragons, powerful sorceresses and breathtakingly beautiful damsels. From the very beginning of our lives we have role models found in the world of fiction, people we respect who do not actually exist. These characters act not only to sculpt and to mold our personalities but also to determine the way we perceive others, and ourselves. Why do we allow something which is not real to have such an incredibly real impact on our lives? The answer to that question is rooted deep within the human psyche and is certainly well beyond the scope of this essay. Simply put, people tend to identify with the characters in literature whom they preserve as ideal images of themselves. They may adopt certain characteristics or mannerisms of the character in question, an infatuation of sorts, a quest to become more.

Throughout the English 20 course, I was given the opportunity to meet countless people; people crafted from nothing but words and letters. These individuals, consisting physically of none other than ink blots upon an otherwise empty page, have the ability to touch and change our lives and to change them for worse or better. Alongside many of these characters I could identify with their feelings and their problems relating to their situations. Some of them I could relate to people I knew or had known in my life, others I could relate to similar fictional characters I had come to know in the past, a few of them I could even relate to myself. A few of the figures I respected, while a great many of them I disrespected for their lack of morals and for their lack of compassion. Two of the characters that stand out in my mind as those with respectable and commendable qualities are: Macbeth, of William Shakespeare’s “˜Macbeth’ and Phineas, of “˜A Separate Peace’ by John Knowles. Both possess certain characteristics and values that I admire in an individual. Despite the flaws that they may have, these figures have taught me several lessons about life and have earned my true admiration and respect.

Macbeth is widely considered a poor choice for a role model because of the actions in which he was made to partake. While I cannot argue with points such as that, it should be noted that Macbeth possessed a wide array of good qualities despite the evil deeds he performed. Macbeth was a natural leader; he had incredible ambition and drive to do what was necessary in a given situation. Were it not for the grueling circumstances of his ascension to the throne, Scotland likely would have benefited much from Macbeth’s rule and guidance. He not only boasted great ambition and zest but was also an excellent military tactician, as illustrated by his many victories even when the odds were against him. Macbeth’s loyalty to his king and to his home was unsurpassed as he won countless victories in the king’s name, and as for all the people of his country. Were it not for the circumstances in the play which lead up to the murder, Macbeth would likely have never been corrupted by his ambition. The fierceness and vile nature of his wife coupled with the guiltily alluring suggestions of the witches’ prophecies was just enough to convert Macbeth’s positive and admirable traits into a cesspool of envy, hate and fear. Macbeth’s struggle for excellence quickly took a turn for the worse as greed polluted his mind.

I found Phineas to be a very easy character to identify with largely because of his age and the school environment in which the story took place. Phineas is the child that everyone envies, the popular one, the one that everyone talks about. He is the kid that has it all, everything that every adolescent wants. Skilled in every sport, even those which he has never played before, Phineas is in excellent physical shape and also possesses incredible balance and coordination. His admirable qualities do not end there, however; he also has adopted a largely carefree and relaxed attitude toward life that he is highly respected for. Phineas does not feel, or at least does not show, anxiety or stress about life or things that happen in life. His calm and innocent air generally acts to keep him out of trouble, and his agile tongue never ceases to save him from punishment. All of these qualities I can respect and attempt to emulate in my own life though many of them are simply unattainable for me.

I believe that much can be learned by just about anyone from these imaginary people and their beliefs & values. Macbeth truly was a hero before things took a turn for the worse; he was revered and adored by all for his bravery and valor, constantly being endowed with new titles and honors. His ambitious nature and continual quest to better himself is something we can all admire and should try to duplicate within ourselves. From our objective viewpoint, we can learn from his mistakes and reflect upon what lead the character of Macbeth astray, hopefully to prevent a similar end to our own lives. Phineas is another person we can learn a lot from, provided that we take the time to break down and analyze the character. If every person should adopt a stance more like his carefree disposition, lives would be infinitely less stressful and society would slow down its pace. Some might argue that this would be a negative thing, but at the rate society is traveling we simply are not taking the time to look before we leap any longer. Eventually the human race is going to slip and fall; and we may just end up the same way that both Phineas and Macbeth do”¦in the end of the story.

Essay on George Washington and how he he helped form the patriotic identity

A distinct patriotic American identity was formed during the American Revolution. George Washington was a significant individual that exemplified this identity. A few factors (religion, shared experiences and beliefs) were instrumental in forming this set identity as they spurred colonial unity, reaffirmed the maxims of freedom and liberty as set principals of the patriotic endeavour and fostered a deep desire to be disparate from Britain. These circumstances provided a preamble for George Washington, who, drawing on this colonial mismanagement used his leadership and courage to inspire the men he commanded. Washington effectively exemplified the patriot identities characteristics of doughty determination, overt hostility towards Britain and the much-stressed value on liberty and freedom. The actions taken by George Washington have a widespread influence on the patriot identity and are instrumental in the forging of a new nation.

The unified conversion to Revivalism that occurred during the revolutionary period was a religious factor that was conducive to the formation of the colony wide patriotic identity. The first colonists were strict puritans and their beliefs affixed them to the Monarchy and inculcated obeisance to God and King. Revivalists had similar Christian beliefs to Puritans but there were a few key differences. These peripheral elements substantiated the patriotic identity and the subsequent Revolutionary war. Revivalism put emphasis on the ‘new’ man. Revivalists were encouraged to question their beliefs and disregard them if they were illogical. They were very focused on the individual, his beliefs and his personal freedoms and liberties. Formal discourse from the revolutionary time period supports this idea. Jonathan Todd (pastor) said that Revivalists “would put down all rule and all authority and power among men: pleading in defence of their licentious doctrine that Christ hath made all his people Kings”. The American colonists of the Revolution were at variance with the idiocy of a British King thousands of miles away governing them. In their eyes no government that wielded power without legitimacy could have authority. Self rule and a split from Britain supported the free and liberal ideals held so highly by the Revivalists as it allowed them to make their own choices. So, as Revivalism pervaded and more colonists espoused its doctrine the Patriotic identity strengthened, it was these revivalist-influenced free and liberal ideals that helped cause the subsequent Revolutionary War and enabled Washington to influence the direction of the Patriots.

For revolution to occur, a mentality of oppression must be effectively created. The colonists were subjected, through shared experience, to certain economic restrictions that were designed to perpetuate British control. This was an important factor in fostering revolutionary beliefs. Britain had amassed overwhelming debts in the preceding French-Indian War and looked to her colonies for support. The Sugar Act (1764) was designed to crack down on smuggling; all purported ‘smugglers’ were tried under the ‘guilty until proven innocent’ concept (the opposite to English Law). In addition, the Sugar Act levied duties on luxury commodities and expanded the list of goods that could only be exported to England (thus raising revenue for Britain). The Billeting and Stamp Acts (1765) further compounded the Colonists’ growing discontent towards Britain. Basically, the colonists were required to look after British troops (Billeting Act) and were surcharged on all official documents (Stamp Act). Colonists were outraged that they had to pay for soldiers they neither asked for nor wanted (the Seven Years’ War freed the colonists from the danger of the French) and resented the various taxations opposed upon them. The damage these acts caused was irreducible, riots broke out in New York and the ‘taxation without representation is tyranny’ (initially adopted by the sons of liberty) stance was espoused. In all, this proved to be an important factor in strengthening the Patriot identity. With the immergence of freedom-violating statutes, the initially fragmented colonies were now becoming unified in the defence of their liberties which was what George Washington needed – a unified patriot identity.

The Boston Massacre (1770) was another factor that contributed to the formation of a distinctive patriot identity as it further increased tension between Britain and the colonies. Resulting in five patriot deaths, the Boston Massacre was conducive to the patriot cause as it helped turn colonial sentiment against British – so much that basically no lawyer in Boston was willing to defend the perpetrators (British soldiers) that caused the deaths. More significantly, the Boston Massacre foreshadowed the rebellion to come, it illustrated to the colonists that a peaceful cosmos could not co-exist with British rule and that British presence in America was no longer needed, thus providing a reason for revolution.

The American colonists’ travel to the ‘new world’ was posited on the assumption that they would lead a better life in America, free from the poverty and persecution experienced in Britain. The ‘intolerable acts’ (as coined by the colonists) of 1774 were a series of sanctions imposed upon the colonies by King George 3rd in response to the Boston Tea Party. This shared experience (‘intolerable acts’) also violated the colonists’ new-found freedoms. In short, the acts closed the ports of Boston and prevented town meetings, offered British officials easy trials and required colonists to house British soldiers. Colonists were outraged.

The juggernaut of restrictions proved too much for the colonists and they banded together in unified protest against Britain at the first Continental Congress in September- October of 1774 (this meeting was spurred by restrictions, predominantly the ‘intolerable acts’). This allowed the nascent Patriots to collectively formulate their beliefs – a factor which helped establish the fully-fledged patriot identity. The Congress (of which Washington attended) came up with the Suffolk Resolves which declared the ‘intolerable acts’ as unconstitutional and stated that “no obedience is due…to… any part of the acts”. The Continental Association was also implemented. In short, this called for a colony wide boycott of British goods until the ‘intolerable acts’ had been revoked. This caused a patriot proliferation as now everyone was involved in the defence of their liberties. Lastly, a Declaration of Rights was formed. The Declaration asserted the fundamental rights of the colonists, including life, liberty and property. Thus a patriotic identity was formed as the colonists joined together to assert their freedoms and liberties which was against British rule. The first continental congress illustrated that the colonists were no longer willing to cower under a masquerade of acceptance; they were willing to fight together in defence of their liberties as a unified patriotic cohort.

All of these factors contributed to the formation of the patriotic and they characterised the beliefs and actions of this identity. The American colonists resented control of any kind that violated their freedoms and liberties. They adopted slogans such as ‘taxation without representation is tyranny’ and over time they realised that they needed to become independent from Britain as Britain was making no attempt to restore their liberties. The colonists became increasingly determined to establish themselves as an independent nation based on the bulwarks of liberty and freedom. This, then, was the backdrop against which George Washington greatly influenced the patriotic identity as the colonists looked to Washington, who undertook certain actions as the driving force of the patriots.

This, then, was the backdrop against which George Washington greatly influenced the development of the patriotic identity. Preceding the outbreak of the Revolutionary War Washington had been heavily involved in Patriot affairs; he was a military commander in the French-Indian War and he introduced a proposal which called for Virginia to boycott imported English goods until the Townshend Acts were repealed. Furthermore, he viewed the ‘Intolerable Acts’ (1774) as “an Invasion of our Rights and Privileges”. Washington was a perfect ambassador of the patriot identity and his devotion to civic virtue made him an exemplary figure amongst Patriots. Thus upon the outbreak of war, Washington was appointed Commander-In-Chief of all revolutionary forces, and began recruitment, training and acquiring equipment to build an army.

Washington was characterised by his bravery and determination to defend the patriot cause. He inherited a force of inexperienced, undisciplined, difficult-to-train men and turned them into a dependable fighting force. His determination is clearly exemplified at the battle of Trenton. Washington effectively regrouped his exhausted army, crossed the Delaware River in stormy conditions and virtually eliminated the Hessian garrison at Trenton. This galvanised patriot morale and boosted reenlistments. In addition, Washington inculcated loyalty in his men by means of savage reprisals, including scalping and his lyrical language was an inspiration to his men; “The time is now near at hand which must probably determine whether Americans are to be free or slaves…The fate of unborn millions will now depend…on the courage and conduct of this army…We have, therefore, to resolve to conquer or die” (July 1776). This effectively exhibits his determination to the cause and in all, reveals him as an inspirational commander. As illustrated, Washington was an integral component of the patriot force, his leadership characteristics were vital in unifying a patriotic cohort and his courage was instrumental in repudiating British presence in America (causing their surrender) and forging a new nation.

Washington greatly influenced the direction of the newly formed United States of America when he became the first president in 1789. Washington overtly embodied patriotism, he was the inspirational driving force behind the Continental Army and was regarded as a popular leader (he is the only President to receive 100 percent of the electoral votes). In essence, he was the paradigm of patriotism. Under his first government, the Bills of Rights were implemented. They symbolised the struggle that Washington and his men went through in the previous Revolutionary War and they enumerated the rights of freedom of speech, press and religion. Thus by securing colonists rights, Washington further supported the Patriot Identity.

To encapsulate, religion, shared experiences and beliefs were prominent factors in the effectual binding of a patriotic cohort. In all, they enhanced revolutionary beliefs, increased tension and nourished the growing discontent towards Britain. The patriots espoused freedom, liberty and a shared discontent towards Britain and thus looked to George Washington who successfully embodied all of these characteristics. Washington effectively led the Continental Army, exemplifying staunch determination in the process (e.g. Battle of Trenton) and it was his inspirational character that became the framework in terms of which the newly formed government was mounted (1st president). Washington’s inspirational leadership undoubtedly had a perennial effect on the forging of the United States and the shaping of a new nation. As Henry Lee eulogized; “He (Washington) was first in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his country men”.

This essay is about the main themes in the book “To Kill a Mockingbird” by Nelle Harper Lee,and how the themes are each important to the story.

In the novel To kill a Mockingbird there are a few main themes that run throughout it. The themes are; coming of age, racism and feminism. Each of theses has a special imporance in this book and I’m writing about all three in this essay.

In the book there are many examples of the theme coming of age. In the book Scout does a lot of growing up from the beginning to the end. In the beginning she was immature and mischievious. She was always playing around with Jem and Dill trying to sneek a look at Boo Radley. She doesn’t take the time or effort to find out who the real Boo is she just goes along with the myth that he is crazy. After Boo saves Scout and Jem’s lives from Bob Ewell Scout then realizes that the myths about Boo Radley are not true. In the last chapter Scout walked Boo home and reflects what it must be like to “stand in his shoes and walk around in them”(pg. 275). This shows Scouts coming of age.

I think that the most dominant theme in the story was racism. In the trial of Tom Robinson there were many times where racism was an issue. Since Tom is black he doesn’t get as fair of a trial as he should. People thought right away that he was guilty just by the color of his skin. People in that time had no respect for blacks in that time. People ordered them around like when Mayella said to Tom,”I said come here niger, and bust up this chiffarobe for me.”(pg.180).

Another theme in the book was feminism. If you were a woman in that time there was a certain way that you were to act. If you didn’t act that way, society would look at you differently. For example Scout is a tom-boy and she doesn’t wear dresses like other girls, but on the first day of school she has to wear a dress because that is what girls were supposed to wear. Another way the book shows feminism is that women are not given as many rights as men. It was said “There has been a request that this courtroom be cleared of all spectators, or at least of women and children.”(pg.174)

The themes coming of age, racism and feminism were shown in the book by the characters of To Kill a Mockingbird. Each of the themes were shown in a number of different ways. These are just a few I listed to make the meanings of them more clear.

Abortion Paper- Against Abortion

When dealing with the issue of abortion there are many different aspects of it. There are many different kinds of procedures for abortions as well as many different reasons for obtaining an abortion. There are just as many possible side-effects of these abortions. Also, different states have different laws that pertain to abortions.

In the 1973 Roe v. Wade decision, the U.S Supreme Court ruled that a woman, in consultation with her physician, has a constitutionally protected right to choose abortion in the early stages of pregnancy; that is before viability. Since this law became in effect, women choose to have abortions for many different reasons. In a book titled, “Abortion,” written by Marie Costa, she states that the reasons behind abortion are, “women is concerned about how having a baby will change her life, can’t afford a baby now, has problems with relationships, unready for responsibility, doesn’t want others to know she had sex or is pregnant, not mature enough or too young, has all the children that she wants, partners want an abortion, fetus has health problems, woman has health problems and woman was victim of rape or incest”(148). These reasons are the underlying facts behind the many abortions performed each year. As stated in the book by Nada L. Stotland, “Abortion, Facts and Feelings,” she says, “almost half of American women will have had an abortion by the time they reach the age of 45” (20).

Moreover, broad cross sections of U.S women have abortions. Although Robert Crooks and Karla Baur who wrote, “Our Sexuality,” say that “young, white, unmarried women obtain the most abortions” (339), many other women of different races and religions have abortions. Stotland states that, “approximately 54% of women who have abortions are less than 25 years old, 82% are not married and 61% of women undergoing abortions are white” (20). Abortions are not prejudice against age, race or religion; this makes any women susceptible to this procedure. Crooks and Baur even provide the religion aspect by saying, “18% of all abortions are obtained by born-again and evangelical Christians” (339). These reasons and percentages provide insight behind the people having abortions.

There are many different methods of abortions that can be performed. These abortions fall into three categories; surgical, induction of labor and antiprogesterones. Abortions are to be performed by an abortionist in a clinical or medical atmosphere. Following are the description of the many different types of abortions.

The Vacuum Aspiration or suction method is usually done between 7 and 13 weeks of pregnancy. The cervix is dilated and a vacuum with a knife like edge is inserted. The suction rips apart the body, sucks out blood, amniotic fluid and tissue.

The Dilation and Curettage, D&C, is usually done during the 1st 10 weeks of pregnancy. This method is similar to the suction method. Instead, a curette, a loop shaped knife, is put into the uterus to cut up the fetus and placenta. Then everything is scraped out.

Another method performed early in pregnancy, usually before 8 weeks, is the RU-486 pill. This method was made by a French pharmacist Roussel Uelaf. This pill produces abortion because the fetus is deprived of hormonal nutrients and then is delivered dead.

Methotrexate Injection is another abortion that is performed early in pregnancy, during the 1st trimester. Methotrexate is injected into the uterus and begins to attack the cells surrounding the embryo. The embryo is deprived of food and oxygen and eventually dies. Several days later, misoprostol is injected to trigger expulsion of embryo.

Dilation and evacuation, also known as D&E, is performed during the 2nd trimester. This method is similar to the D&C method. Forceps are inserted to pull off all parts of the body. The legs, arms, head and spine are all pulled out of the uterus. The fetus must then be reconstructed to make sure all pieces were removed from the uterus.

An Intact Dilation and Extraction, D&X is performed during the late 2nd or 3rd trimester. Using an ultrasound, the abortionist pulls out the baby in breech position. With the baby’s legs hanging outside the woman’s body and the baby’s head is face down, the doctor plunges a scissor into the nape of the neck. A suction device is inserted to suck out the baby’s brain. The skull then collapses and the baby is delivered.

Saline Amniocentesis is another method done by injection and is performed during the 2nd or early 3rd trimester. This is also known as salt poisoning and was originally developed in Nazi concentration camps and is now common in America. A needle is injected into the abdomen and 50-250 ml of amniotic fluid is removed, this is replaced by a concentrated salt solution. The effect of the salt solution is to burn off baby’s skin. In about 3 days the mother goes into labor and delivers a dead baby.

The last method of abortion is performed during the 3rd trimester, when all other methods of abortion have failed. This is the Hysterotomy method. The mother’s abdomen is opened up in a caesarian-section type way and the baby, placenta and amniotic sac are removed.

No surgery is 100% effective or 100% safe. Although, “abortion is one of the safest surgical procedures for women in the United States,” stated in an online article by the Alan Guttmacher Institute. Regardless of the safety of each abortion, there still are some risks involved. The Supreme Court ruled in 1986 that women don’t have to be informed about risks before an abortion. Crooks and Baur state, “there is less than 1 fatality per 100,000 abortions and research has also indicated that having two or more abortions may lead to a higher incident of miscarriage and ectopic pregnancy in subsequent pregnancies”(340).

Although rare, many complications can occur due to an abortion. As stated in, “Abortion, An Eternal, Social and Moral Issue,” By Mei Ling Rein the possible side effects of abortions include:Blood clots in the uterus which require a repeat suction, infection, a tear in cervix, a tear in uterine wall and/or other organs, missed abortion which requires a repeat abortion, incomplete abortion and too much bleeding (84).

These complications can be healed on their own or may require the assistance of a doctor. Some people may require a hospital stay, while others only need rest.

The United States Supreme Court has established the trimester system for evaluating abortions. Costa states that these rules include:The state does not have any compelling interest in regulating abortions during the first trimester, the states only interested in regulating abortions during the second trimester is to protect maternal health and when the fetus is viable the state may choose to limit abortions to women for who continued pregnancy would be life-threatening(103).

Each state thus has their own specific laws pertaining to the details of abortions.

As stated in an online article by the Abortion Law Homepage, each state specifies the discrepancies between abortions. There are forty states that have laws banning most post-viability abortions. New Jersey is not included in that law. At least eighteen states have laws that prohibit partial birth or dilation and extraction procedures. New Jersey does participate in this ban. Three states including, IL, KY, and LA, have laws that state that if Roe v. Wade is overturned, they will prohibit abortions. These four states, CT, ME, MD, WA, have laws granting abortion before viability and only after that period if necessary to save the mother’s life. Rhode Island and Tennessee prohibit non-surgical or chemical abortions. There are four states including, AL, LA, MO, and OH that require a doctor to determine viability in certain circumstances. Ten states have a law that requires spousal consent or notice. However, this law is unenforceable. New Jersey isn’t part of this law. There are thirty-eight states that require a parental consent or notice for a minor seeking an abortion. Also, there are more states that have the same law but they are not enforced. New Jersey does not participate in this law. Eighteen states have mandatory waiting periods but only eleven of these states actually enforce it. New Jersey doesn’t participate in this law either. In forty-three states a physician is the only one allowed to perform an abortion. New Jersey does enforce this law. There are three states including, AL, MS, and SD that prohibit the use of state funds for an abortion except in the woman’s life is in danger. Twenty-seven states will fund an abortion if there is threat of life, rape or incest. Also, sixteen states will fund an abortion in most or all circumstances. New Jersey will fund almost all abortions.

Rebecca J. Donatelle states in her book, “Access to Health,” that “prior to the legalization of first and second trimester abortions, a woman wishing to terminate a pregnancy had to travel to a country where the procedure was legal, consult an illegal abortionist or perform their own abortions” (190). Now abortion is legal for women of all ages, races and religions. There are many different types of procedures available for the many different reasons a woman might choose to have an abortion. Nonetheless, there still are complications that can arise from an abortion because a medical abortion is an unnatural occurrence in human nature. Depending on your state, these laws can work to accompany your situation.

In my opinion, I’m sure that the choice to have an abortion can be a scary decision. However, I don’t believe it’s necessary for anyone to kill an unborn baby. Life has to begin at some point and it’s my belief that it begins at conception.

College admission essay

Reasons for joining the National Honor Society

I first became interested in The National Honor Society (ARISTA) after discussing the top clubs in John F. Kennedy with my friend. My friend?s strong recommendation coupled with information I read from your posters solidified my decision to join the club.

Since The National Honor Society is dedicated to helping the needy, children, the elderly and volunteering, I feel that this is the right society for me because since I was a child, I have been noted for my exceptional empathy. Raised by my grandmother and my mum as a single parent, I have always been involved with the elderly in my community. My grandmother instilled in me a sense of responsibility and caring for others. I truly feel my gifts would be best utilized in this club. It is my goal to continue volunteering my time in helping others while pursuing my education. I would like someday to be a part of a nonprofit organization that helps professionally inexperienced single parents take advantage of programs available to them for aid, since my mother has been a single parent and I am aware of what single parents go through.

One thing that bothers me most is how violence is being portrayed as funny in certain children?s cartoons and television programs. Our youth see violence as brave and macho in today?s movies. Teens listen to violent lyrics in music. Popular music channels celebrate violence toward women and others. Our schools are being exposed to more violence because of the formation of gangs, which encourage youth to steal, intimidate, and carry weapons, become involved in drugs, fight, and sometimes kill. How it saddens me to hear that a young life has been so needlessly destroyed.

I believe I could make major contributions to helping others by volunteering at schools, hospitals and the society at large if I am accepted to the National Honor Society.

Decision-making Model Analysis

Decision-making Model Analysis (this title is a bit misleading–It really discusses the Baldridge Business Model instead)

There are various decision-making models that are employed today by organizations and individuals at all levels. Different models are used all the way from corporate America to elementary schools to wide-reaching health care networks. In examining one model in particular, the Baldrige system; it becomes clear that critical thinking is essential to making sound decisions at all levels of organizations.

The Baldrige system (model) is the namesake of Malcolm Baldrige. Baldrige served as the Secretary of Commerce, under President Ronald Reagan, from 1981 until his death in 1987 from a rodeo accident.

The Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award was created by Public Law 100-107, signed into law on August 20, 1987. The Award Program, responsive to the purposes of Public Law 100-107, led to the creation of a new public-private partnership. [Principal] support for the program comes established in 1988. (http://www.quality.nist.gov/)

Baldrige’s managerial excellence contributed to long-term improvement in efficiency and effectiveness of government. The new law was a direct result of the United States inability to keep up with foreign competition in both quality and quantity.

A national quality award program of this kind in the United States would help improve quality and productivity by helping to stimulate American companies to improve quality and productivity for the pride of recognition while obtaining a competitive edge through increased profits; recognizing the achievements of those companies that improve the quality of their goods and services and establishing guidelines and criteria that can be used by business, industrial, governmental, and other organizations in evaluating their own quality improvement efforts; and providing specific guidance for other American organizations that wish to learn how to manage for high quality by making available detailed information on how winning organizations were able to change their cultures and achieve eminence.

(http://www.quality.nist.gov/)

What exactly is the Baldrige National Quality Award (BNQA) and how does it benefit businesses? In essence, the BNQA was designed and implemented into public law so that American businesses could compete in the ever-changing global economy. That meant finding a way to increase productivity and ultimately decreasing costs. There are, in point of fact, different criteria for businesses, health care, and education organizations under the Baldrige model. This essay will focus on the business criteria for excellence model.

The criterion for business excellence serves many roles. The primary role is to strengthen the American national economy as a whole. When organizations apply for the BNQA or adapt it as their decision-making model, the ultimate goal is for that organization to share its success story with other similar organizations. The Bama Companies, most notably known as the supplier of pies for McDonald’s, revamped its business model in the 1990s and adapted the Baldrige principles. Over the next five years, the company’s revenues grew 47 %, while the rest of the baked goods industry remained flat. (Aratani, L., 2005) Michael Perich, the Montgomery county coordinator of system wide improvement, says of the Baldrige model, “This is the synthesis of the best research in organizational management out there…it tells us what high performing organizations do out there that works.” (Aratani, L., 2005)

The criteria for excellence are built upon several core values and concepts. The most important one is visionary leadership.

Senior leaders should serve as role models through their

ethical behavior and their personal involvement in planning,

communications, coaching, development of future leaders,

review of organizational performance, and employee recognition.

As role models, they can reinforce ethics, values,

and expectations while building leadership, commitment,

and initiative throughout your organization. (http://www.quality.nist.gov/)

This is the key to a good decision-making model. Organizations need good leadership such that those leaders are ethical and serve as role models to their employees at all levels. In my experience, decisions that are based upon these sound values are those that have merit and will get the job done.

In summary, the Baldrige model is one of many decision-making models that are in use today by organizations. The Baldrige model does have value that has been proven repeatedly by organizations that have made profit-based decisions on principled values and leadership.

This an essay about a recent history occurence. it is very opinionated but i think that it is pretty good

The Patriot Act is a bill that was signed by George Bush forty nine days after September 11. The reason this bill was signed was to stop terrorists and terrorist acts on American soil. Although the Act has helped with more than one hundred and seventy captures, many believe that it is against the rights of civilians. In this essay, I am going to give you my opinion and some reasons to back it up.

First of all, my opinion is against the Patriot Act. I believe that it is against citizens’ rights and is abused by authorities. I want this act to be abolished and we should stick to the fourth amendment.

One of my reasons why I am against the Patriot Act is because of the stereotypes an inequality which goes against what our country was built on. Since the attacks on 9/11, many Middle Eastern people that live in the United States are often stereotyped, the authorities included. Authorities may stereotype and focus on the Middle Eastern people because we have made them known as terrorists. Not only have these people been treated unfairly and unequally, they have had their rights violated as well. This can be seen or heard in shows. In the show 24, a group of Middle Eastern people attack the United States because they have been treated unequally. In another scene, a duo of Middle Easterns help the American agents stop the terrorists to give themselves a good name because of the stereotypes.

Another reason is because of the invasion of privacy. In most cases where the Patriot Act is involved in a case, people have their privacy rights violated. Their phones are tapped and their e-mails are monitored without them even knowing. Most of the time it is for nothing, and when it is for nothing, there still is a bad name left on the people involved. Out of three-hundred and ten, one-hundred and seventy nine people have been convicted, but at what cost. The cost of the 1st, 4th, 5th, 6th, and 8th amendments being violated. People come here to enjoy the rights of what America has, but only to be violated without any problem!!!

This reason, I think, is the most outrageous part of the Act. This part goes against the first amendment which I believe is the most important amendment of all. If you are caught verbally abusing the government or the president, they have the right to arrest you and keep you in custody. This is disgusting. When people come here, they are relieved to be able to say whatever they want, but here we go with a bill which forbids us from saying what we want. That is a big problem.

In conclusion, the Patriot Act is one of the worst things to happen to the rights of the people of this country. I think that this country has to fix itself and abolish this act. I hope that this essay was helpful to you and I hope you feel the same way I do. Thank you for reading this essay.

”To Kill a Mockingbird” Similarities and differences between the book and the movie

To Kill a Mockingbird, by Harper Lee, is one of the most famous novels in American literature. Consequently, it was inevitable that someone would make a film adaptation of the book. There are many similarities, as well as differences, between the movie and the book.

There are many similarities between the movie and the novel versions of T.K.A.M., dealing with characters, plot, setting, and theme. One similarity is the mystery behind Boo Radley. In both versions, Boo was considered a crazy guy who lived in a scary house. He was also exposed in both versions as a Good Samaritan when. First, he put a blanket around Scout when Miss Maudie’s house burned down, and second, when he saved Scout and Jem from Bob Ewell. Another similarity is the stories of the witnesses during Tom Robinson’s trial. In both versions, the Ewells maintained that Tom had beaten and raped Mayella, while Tom said that Mayella tried to take advantage of him. Another similarity is Tom’s crippled left hand. In the book and the film, he got it cut off in a cotton gin when he was thirteen. Another similarity is that the story takes place in Maycomb, Alabama. One theme that was consistent throughout the book and film versions was family is what keeps us together. To conclude, there are many similarities between the movie and the book versions of To Kill a Mockingbird.

There are many differences between the book and the movie versions of T.K.A.M. as well. One difference is the fact that many people in the book that made an impact in the story never made an appearance in the film. One of these people was Aunt Alexandra. Aunt Alexandra was probably the closest person to a mother figure for Scout throughout the book. The fact that she didn’t even show up in the movie was a huge difference. Another person was Nathan Radley. He took care of Boo after his dad died in the book (he didn’t die in the movie, which was another difference), but never came. Another was Uncle Jack. He was the one who got Scout to stop cussing (she didn’t cuss in the movie at all) and was going through medical school with Atticus’s help. In the book, Jem and Scout went to Calpurnia’s church while their dad was out of town. In the movie, that never happened, which was a big difference. Another difference was that Bob Ewell never got the job at the WPA in the movie, while in the book, he did. In conclusion, there are a whole lot of differences between the movie and the book.

In conclusion, there are many similarities and differences between the book and movie versions of To Kill a Mockingbird. The stories of the witnesses from Tom’s trial were the same. Aunt Alexandra never came in the movie, which was a huge difference between the book and the movie. I liked the book better because the book was more detailed, and, as usual, books are better than their movie adaptations.

Abortion

Over the last thirty years, abortion policies have been the most controversial of all political and legal issues in the United States. Each state has its own laws and regulations concerning abortion. These laws mainly refer to the conditions in which abortion is legal, the requirements for minors who make the decision of having an abortion, and the government’s funding for people having an abortion. The United States government has played a more dominant role in the legalization of abortion for the past thirty years. The rules and regulations enacted by the government have tried to bring a common understanding of the topic to people all over the United States.

Abortion is the termination of a pregnancy, resulting in the death of a fetus. Abortions that are induced because of an unwanted pregnancy or a risk to a woman’s health have been a very controversial subject in the past thirty years. The government’s decisions on abortion have sometimes created violent opposing sides. Mainly in the area of a clinic or places where abortions are induced. (Grolier Encyclopedia) The legalization of abortion began in 1966. The state of Mississippi passed a law allowing abortion in case of rape. In the years that followed, other states adopted the idea of abortion and made a few more exceptions to the law. Other states decided it was acceptable to have an abortion if the pregnancy put the mother at a health risk, or in cases of incest. In 1973, the Supreme Court decided two cases involving abortion, Roe vs. Wade and Doe vs. Bolton. These cases legalized abortions for any reason before the twenty-fourth week of pregnancy, and if the pregnancy put a serious health risk on the mother after the 24th week. In 1976, the Supreme Court recognized the right to pregnant girls under the age of eighteen, known as mature minors, to have abortions. Three years later, the courts decided that they should require the permission of one parent of the minor who wishes to have an abortion. If the minor wishes to keep it confidential and not let her parents know about it, she can go before the court system and let them decide what would be in her best interest.

Ever since the decisions made by the court, many states have enforced parental consent laws. Some of these laws have been challenged in many states. For example, in 1990, the Supreme Court held a trial named Hodysen vs. Minnesota. The court held up a law requiring that prior notice must be given to both parents of a minor before she went through an abortion. The same thing happened in Ohio when a court held up the consent of one parent who’s child was going to have an abortion. (Grolier Encyclopedia) States impose restrictions on abortion that regulate who pays for the procedure, where abortions are performed, and what kind of information will be provided for women having an abortion. In 1977, the Supreme Court allowed states to regulate and limit the use of Medicaid for payment on elective abortions. The Supreme Court also allowed the city of St. Louis to allow elective abortions to be performed in a public hospital. In 1980, the Supreme Court restricted the use of Medicaid for abortions unless medically necessary. Poor women who needed an abortion to save their lives were given payments from the government. (Grolier Encyclopedia) In 1983, the court system found it unconstitutional to make a woman thinking about having an abortion read through information given out by the state. This information contained the risks involved, consequences, and made the woman wait twenty-four hours after reading this material to follow through with the procedure. The same thing happened in 1986, when courts came down on a law in Pennsylvania that required women to read information given by the state before going through with the abortion.

Since the 1989 Supreme Court decision in a case named Webster vs. Reproductive Health Services, the court permitted several state-imposed restrictions to stand. The ruling upheld a Missouri law that prohibits the use of public facilities to perform abortions. It also required a physician to determine the viability of the fetus after twenty weeks.

In 1966, the Congress of the United States enacted a bill banning the practice of partial birth abortions. President Clinton vetoed the law because it failed to permit use of the procedure when a fetus displays severe abnormalities or when carrying a pregnancy to term presents a serious threat to a woman’s health or life. Many states have since passed laws banning the use of this procedure.

Abortion clinics have had a bad history with Pro-Life protesters. Violent rages would break out often outside abortion clinics where someone usually got hurt. In March of 1993, Michael Griffin killed Dr. David Gun at the Ladies Center abortion clinic in Florida. The very next year at the Ladies Facility in Pensacola, Florida, two more people were shot and killed. In August of the same year, Dr. George Tiller was shot by Rachelle Shelly Shannon as he entered a clinic in Wichita, Kansas.

In the fall of 1993, Congress passed the Freedom of Access to Clinic Entrances, otherwise known as F.A.C.E. This bill sates, “Whoever by force or by physical obstruction, intentionally injures, intimidates or interferes with, or attempts to injure any person, or in order to intimidate such persons or any other person or any other class of person from, obtaining, or providing reproductive health services, shall be prosecuted.” If someone violates these laws for the first time, they shall be fined in accordance with the F.A.C.E or imprisoned not more than one year, or both. If they violate these laws for a second time they could face the same amount but could face up to eighteen months of jail time. This law helps the confrontations around abortion clinics. Also in this law is if someone kills anyone outside a clinic, he or she will be tried for murder and will spend life in prison. In October, 1994, Paul Hills was the first person to be tried on F.A.C.E. charges in a Federal Court. He was sentenced to two life sentences. He was tried for murder in Florida and he died in the electric chair.

Pro-Life and Pro-Choice activists have been feuding for almost thirty years. In a Right to Life circular, Barbara Listing wrote about different ways of dealing with unwanted pregnancies. She asks that people don’t make decisions in haste when it comes to the preservation of life. She asks that they don’t let abortions and assisted suicide be the symbol that is left behind. Finally, she asks that Americans can help people choose life. Together we can take away fear and pain from women who are faced with an unwanted pregnancy. Americans can help them to find comfort and love in giving birth to a child. The two sides of abortion will probably never be completely settled. Hopefully someday, they can resolve the conflicts peacefully.

My Career Goals

Just recently, I was reviewing my academic information in preparation for the completion of my applications. I stumbled upon one of my essays required for admission to my undergraduate college choices. I had originally wanted to major in biology. I was always fascinated by the miraculous operations performed by the body, especially the mind. As probably heard before, I took my first psychology course and realized that I had to change my major. I felt compelled to pursue psychology as my career choice. Throughout the first few years of college, I enrolled in several psychology courses, my mind inundating with various concepts and definitions. I remember having the feeling of being lucky. I was one of the few students whom I have encountered who not only thoroughly enjoyed her major, but also was fascinated by it. As I began to delve deeper into the study of psychology, I began to see psychology from a personal perspective.

I believed that I would have been a successful biologist since I enjoyed absorbing information and making connections between mind and body. What I had not wanted to neglect was my intuition and ability to connect with individuals. I wanted a life and career that would be satiating and not bereft of interactions with individuals on a personal level. I work part-time as a tutor at the Center for Academic Enhancement at the College of New Jersey. I tutor a variety of psychology courses in addition to Spanish level courses. I chose Spanish as a minor of study because I feel that the study of a prevalent foreign language enables the availability of communication and connection for those whom may be seeking assistance but cannot express their concerns through the English language. I decided to tutor throughout my college years in lieu of pursuing night jobs characteristic of undergraduate students. Although available working hours are limited and the pay is minimal, I revere my job and appreciate the position I hold. I interact with students every day. We attempt to strengthen their weaknesses, whether it is the inability to grasp a certain concept or how to reduce test-taking anxiety. We expand on the client’s strong points and attempt to apply these skills to other academic areas. The rewarding experience of working with clients in a one on one situation was the catalyst for my enrollment in a course where I am awarded the opportunity to work in a field experience. I am currently volunteering in Carrier Clinic in Belle Mead, NJ. At this institution I am able to not only interact with clients who require a different type of attention, but I am able to observe a therapeutic community. I witness the manner in which the residential counselors and therapists handle and approach situation. I take part in group discussions. I research the medical and psychological history of the clients. Every hour spent in this facility proves to be a learning experience.

In addition to the personal aspect of psychology, I also engage in the research that is used to help us help our clients. My endeavor was to embark upon a variety of research tasks. I studied impression formation on individuals, manipulating external variables such as facial expressions. This study displayed the importance of physical appearance in judgment of character. I also researched maladaptive perfectionism as a predictor for eating disorder behavior. The analysis of this study yielded extreme significance between the factor of wanting to be perfect and the need for control in some area of life, especially eating habits. I am currently, in collaboration with the Camden police department, researching the 911 calls for 1999. Through my analysis, I am attempting to aid the police department in deciding what tactics appear to be most beneficial, and what methods prove to be fruitless. The police department wants to expand on the benefits and decrease funds and effort spent on unsuccessful activity.

I have volunteered and researched throughout my undergraduate career and received awards for my efforts. I was inducted into Psi Chi, the national Psychology honor society. The research I conducted on eating disorder behavior was accepted by the Eastern Psychological Association and presented at their convention in Maryland in spring of 2000. I was asked by a previous professor to serve as his teaching assistant for his Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences course. I have been asked to be a member of the Golden Key honors society at The College of New Jersey. I have been awarded the Dean’s List for every semester of college. This combination of awards and rewards reminds me of the amount of importance I place on my career goals. I have and will always put my academic requirements and goals before other commitments. I have nearly completed a college career, without working excessively, and managed to gain some experience and maintain my grade point average. I had always wanted to attend graduate school fresh out of undergraduate college. I chose to apply to William Paterson University, in addition to its outstanding reputation and commitment to the field of psychology, because it is an institution that would be beneficial to me I my advancement in my psychological career and it is in close proximity to my residence. I had always known that I entered a field that requires extensive schooling and dedication. I intend to fulfill my academic dream and I will work around that central idea. I live at home with an extremely proud, encouraging and financially supporting family.

I chose to apply to the school of Clinical Psychology for all of these reasons. I am extremely dedicated and willing to work and earn the opportunity to be a part of and to facilitate the daily lives of individuals. I receive so much every day through personal experience and the knowledge I gain from the classroom. I aspire to learn more, be a part of psychology, and offer all of me to help others. I enjoy having active roles in organizations that affect others in a positive manner. I am currently the scholarship chairperson for my national sorority. This position enables me to exercise my organizational and academic skills while awarding me opportunities for interactions with individuals in my organization and other organizations on campus. It is accurate to say that my involvement in work, volunteer, and extra-curricular activities is a reflection on my personality. I am outgoing and intuitive. I am reflective on myself yet enjoy learning and experiencing the lives of others. I know that I have the character and incentive that helps me advance in my academic career while shaping myself as a growing individual. I know that I will prove to be an asset to any individual with whom I will work. I find that an interaction based on reciprocity provides benefits and learning experiences to all those involved. I would be grateful to be awarded the opportunity to use my talents and knowledge to facilitate the journey of life for some individual.

Romeo and Juliet essay by William Shakespea. Essay question: Why did ‘The pair of star-crossed lovers’ take their lives?

Romeo and Juliet essay by William Shakespea. Essay question: Why did ‘The pair of star-crossed lovers’ take their lives?

The tragedy of Romeo and Juliet is one of the most dramatic and influential love stories of all time. The play, written by William Shakespeare in the late sixteenth century tells the anguishing tale of ‘star-crossed lovers’ taking their lives to be together in death. This essay will discuss three points that I believe to be partly a cause of their deaths. Was it the prolonged feud that caused them to die? Was Friar Lawrence at fault, or could it have been merely fate? I will discuss these topics in detail and evaluate what I think was to blame for their tragic deaths.

In this essay I have mentioned three points which I consider to have played a part in the tragic deaths of Romeo and Juliet. Many people have thought of different reasons for their deaths, but I conclude that it was the family feuding to blame. Although many presume it was fate, I do not believe that your future is already chosen for you. As for Friar Lawrence, although he ensured nobody discovered anything about his actions, he didn’t cause any distress or grief.

Nevertheless, if there had been no feuding, would Romeo and Juliet have ever met?

Personality Essay

Personality Essay Every human being has a personality that will determine the limits of success. In order to understand what personality is let first define personality. According to the dictionary the definition of personality is the stable difference between people in the social, emotional and motivational characteristics. We use the word personality when describing others and ourselves. Personality can limit or expand option and choices of lives. It has also been said that personality is shape through environmental, learning, parental and developmental factors.

People developed different personality that can be can be studied through forces, factor and influences that shape personality. Different theories believe that personality is build on different factors such as the genetic, environmental factors, learning factors, parental factors and developmental factors.

The environmental factor acknowledges that personality is influences by social environment. According to Alder personality is influenced by our position in the family relative to that of our siblings. Horney believed the cultures and time period reared different personalities. Fromm believed that historical forces and events influence people and as well as by the kind of society they construct. Ethnic background and culture influences our personality also differs in the gender and ethnic. According to Uba (1994) Southeast Asian cultures belief in supernatural spirits and in communicating with the deceased family members, is widely accepted there. While in the American cultures it is a disbelieve and lead to a misinterpretation of their personality to be delusional. Or gender, for example, it has been found that women tend to score lower than men do on test measuring assertiveness (Feingold, 1994). The difference may be that sex-role training in North American cultures traditionally teaches girls not to assert themselves. People from other countries have different values, religions and living standards and many more things that can affect their personalities which in effect can change our opinion about their personalities.

Other Theorist said that learning plays a major role influencing virtually very aspect of our behavior. According to Skinner learning variables influences personality such as positive reinforcement. Parental factors also emphasize personality. Freud believed in psychosexual stages of development influences once personality.

Theorists have their own ideas what personality is. The combination of all factors form personality. Each and every one of us develops our own unique personality. We can learn it from our parents, when we are imitating them, building relationship with them or observing them. From our experiences in the social world when we encounter a social situation that requires us to interact with new people, we forms a judgment about personality of other people while they are making similar judgments about us. These decisions are what shape our personalities and lives. Through these experiences is how we characterize people; by using words such as nice, affectionate, trusting, moody and tolerant.

Nevertheless everybody teaches or learns in different ways and constructs their own opinion about their personalities and it is that opinion and characteristic those can forms every once unique personality.

To Kill a Mockingbird – The characters Boo Radley and Tom Robinson – innocent, heartless, yet persecuted

The topic concerns Boo Radley and Tom Robinson, who are said to be

mockingbird figures. A mockingbird in the film, is a bird that sings its

heart out, is innocent and harmless, yet persecuted. Boo Radley and

Tom Robinson are similar to this, and this is portrayed throughout the

film in many ways.

Through the eyes of Scout and Jem, Boo Radley is an intellectually and

physically disabled person, who is scary, stays inside his home and is

never seen.

Tom Robinson is a black man who lives on the city limits border. He is

accused of raping Mayella Ewell and taken to court for trial. But even

though it was her father, Bob Ewell, who raped her, Tom Robinson had

the perfect defence, but still lost his case, was charged guilty and sent

away. All for one sole reason, because he was a black person.

But both these characters have something in common. They have been

judged wrongly and treated unfairly because of their outer appearances.

For example, Boo Radley was the mystery neighbour, and Scout and

Jem played jokes on him, and Tom Robinson was downgraded and

unaccepted in society. But the thing is, these two are just as human as

anyone else in this world. They have emotions, they feel sad and happy,

and they get hurt as well. Both are judged inconsiderably due to their

outside appearance, but what about inside character? That is probably

the most important aspect of a person.

Boo Radley was finally understood at the end of the film. He spoke to

Atticus and gave the children gifts, as a sign of cheering them up,

because their father lost the case. From then on, the children were

friendly to Boo Radley.

Tom Robinson though, ended up getting taken away and he tried to

escape, which led to his death.

The irony of this film is the friendly and peaceful personality shown from

the once phantomous and mysterious character, Boo Radley, and the

consequences of Tom Robinson. Even though his defence was perfect,

and it seemed that he had won, he lost.

The main message shown from this film is that most people are really

nice when you get to know them. This is very true, and sometimes, the

nicest people aren’t always the ones with the best appearances. Take

for example Quasimodo, from The Hunchback of Notre Damè. He

looked horrific and frightening in appearance, but as he was understood

more, he turned out to be a person who was very caring and

considerate of others.

Fianally, all I can say is, don’t trust to outside appearances, trust inward

character instead.

Abortion: Pro-Life vs. Pro-Choice

Abortion has been a controversial issue, debating between secularism and religion since the beginning of civilization. More often than not, people have constantly been debating that abortion is murder; it is a selfish act of violence that goes against Christian and Catholic beliefs. However, I do not believe this to be the case. Throughout my position paper, I will be discussing my opinions on abortion, and why it should continue to be legal in Canada, through the topics of religion, quality of life, and biblical passages.

Within Catholicism, Christianity, Judaism, Humanism and other religious and ethical groups, the morality of abortion is based on the exact belief of the nature of the fetus. The problem associated with this is judgmental; based on multiple religious beliefs. Most of the ‘pro-life’ population, who happen to be Catholic or Christian, believes that a life is created at the act of conception. They believe once the fetus becomes fertilized, a human life is created; therefore making abortion murder, and morally wrong. Other religions such as Judaism, on the other hand, believe that human life is created once the baby exits its mother’s womb. In a country like Canada, which has almost fifty registered religions, how is it ‘morally right’ to band abortion because of a certain religions beliefs? In my opinion, that is completely biased and should not even be put up for consideration.

That being said, another issue I face is that pro-lifers focus too much on what it is they believe in, and focus too little on the potential Childs quality of life. In my opinion, abortion is not necessarily done for the purpose of one’s self, but instead because of the quality of life that potential child could be brought into. As I was researching more information on this specific topic, the pro-life population gives examples of how people such as Oprah and Ray Charles were brought into this world accidentally and have been through many things and are now inspirations to many people. However, I do not agree that they can make a basis on just these two people. Yes, they are two powerful and inspirational people, but they forgot to mention the thousands of other ‘unwanted’ children who are brought into a challenging life, and don’t end up making it. I am not saying that choosing abortion over having a child is the right thing to do, I solely believe that the people who choose abortion, choose it for what they believe to be the right reasons. They know that they cannot, either emotionally, mentally, or financially support the child the way it is should be supported.

My final argument is that of biblical passages. Often, Christian or Catholic pro-lifers make many references to our Bible. They say that in these passages, God directly tells us that abortion is bad. So, I researched these passages and looked up a few of my own; and what does the Bible say about abortion? Extremely little actually, however, I did find a few contradictions to what the pro-lifers do say. “Cursed be the day on which I was born! The day when my mother bore me let it not be blessed… let him hear a cry in the morning and an alarm at noon, because he [my father] did not kill me in the womb; so my mother would have been my grave, and her womb forever great.” (Jeremiah 20:14-17) Ironically, in spite of God giving divine status to the prophet Jeremiah, he emphatically rejects himself and wished he had been aborted. If the Bible is not providing passages that say anything about abortion being bad, but instead emphasizing it, who are pro-lifers to say that abortion is the morally wrong thing to do?“As you do not know how the spirit comes to the bones in the womb of a woman with child, so you do not know the work of God who makes everything.” (Ecclesiastes 11:5) Not one person can truly understand Gods ways and will, especially since the Bible can be, and is, interpreted in many ways by other believers. No one can play God. Ultimately, it is the woman’s decision to choose what it is she does to her body; and it wrong to make something as sacred as a woman’s body government property. Every woman has a right to choice; and it is because of this right that I believe in the future, abortion will remain legal in Canada, and as time goes, will be more accepted by society. While abortion will be a dubious subject for many years to come, I believe that is ultimately beneficial in maintaining the right and freedom of women as we know it.

John Adams and His Roles as President. The Essay is about how John Adams fulfilled the eight roles as president

John Adams was one of the leaders in the fight for American Independence. He was born on October 30, 1735. His presidency began in 1976 through 1800 and was the second president of the United States, after winning the election against Alexander Hamilton. Upon winning the election he became the Chief of State. His most notable accomplishment, as President, was to avoid a war with France, while maintaining American honor. In our opinion he did a good job of this however he was not greatly supported by the Americans at the time.

John Adams was not a very popular president of his time. Being the president, and Chief Executive, Adams was allowed to choose his own cabinet. He replaced Washington’s cabinet which consisted of Edmund Randolph, Alexander Hamilton, Henry Knox, and William Bradford. Timothy Pickering of Massachusetts was appointed the secretary of state, Oliver Welcott of Connecticut became the secretary of treasury, James McHenry of Maryland became the secretary of war, and Charles Lee of Virginia was appointed the attorney general. It’s obvious that George Washington had a much better cabinet than Adams did. John Adam’s cabinet was not nearly as sharp or as intelligent as the one of Washington. Obviously, Mr. Adams did not do too good of a job on choosing his colleagues.

Another role that John Adams endured was the role as Chief Administrator. In today’s modern world the president would be in charge of agencies such as the CIA and the FBI. In Adam’s days these agencies did not exist. Nonetheless he was still in charge of keeping the government functions running as smoothly as possible. As a believer in centralized government, he helped strengthen the Federal government.

As Chief Diplomat, John Adams ran into the biggest problem in foreign policy. The French were attacking American shipping. He sent three representatives to France to try to work out differences between the French and the US government. His emissaries were met by three French representatives demanding a bribe. This became known as the “XYZ” affair.

Infuriated by the absurd 250,000 bribe of the French agents Adams began to prepare for war. He first asked for a provisional army. He also asked for the officers to be commissioned and for recruiting to begin. However, he did not call for an establishment of a large, professional army. Throughout the two years that the possibility of a war had existed, Adams had made it clear to everyone that he put he put his faith in a strong navy. As commander-in-chief he decided he did not want to use the army as an instrument for defense. Adams believed that the only way France could be brought around to treat with American envoys on an even basis is if it was made clear that the Americans were prepared to fight and that they would not submit to any further humiliation. He wanted France to see that the Americans were not backing down and that they were not afraid to go to war with the nation of France.

After the “XYZ affair” John Adams acted on his role as chief legislature. He responded with The Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798. They were designed to crush the conflict. After two years John Adams decided it would be best to reopen negotiations because war with France was not in the best interest of the United States. He signed a peace treaty with France and thereof is accredited with bringing peace between the U.S. and France.

Yet another role of the president is to be Chief of Party. We believe that John Adams was a failure in leading his political party as the end of the Federalists came about because of his presidency. During Adams’ presidency, the Federalist party split up. This happened because of how much John Adams and Alexander Hamilton disliked each other. Hamilton didn’t want Adams to be re-elected, and so he critized his performance as a President. Undoubtedly, Adams lost his re-election and Thomas Jefferson, the leader of the Democratic-Republican party, won office. After Adams retirement, and Hamilton’s unfortunate death, the Federalist Party was left without strong leader and steadily grew weaker and weaker.

John Adams was not a bad president. However, because of society’s selfish and impatient needs, he was made out to be the enemy. Americans blamed John Adams for being scared to go to war, but in reality, it’s a lot easier to go to war than it is to keep peace. It’s also quite difficult to go against the majority of ones colleagues who continually pressure you to act. John Adams may not have been the greatest president because of his ambition. However, he was a much better president and showed exemplary qualities as a chief citizen than what he was given credit for. He was a brave and honorable man who gave up re-election by not going to war. It shows real honor when you can give up your own selfish needs for the good of your country. John Adams was a much better president than he was given credit for.

Romeo and Juliet essay, Topic: How far is haste responsible for the death of the teenagers

Romeo and Juliet Essay

In the play Romeo and Juliet written by William Shakespeare, two only children from feuding families, fall desperately in love, and after a cruel sequence of events, take their own lives. There is no single cause for the tragic loss of teenagers Romeo and Juliet, but the haste displayed by some of the characters sets some immense things in motion. These cannot be undone, and so play a part in the devastating suicides of Romeo and Juliet.

Early in the play, Romeo is quite desperately in love with Rosaline, a member of the Verona community. But at first sight of Capulet’s, only daughter, Juliet, Rosaline is immediately cast out of the picture and quickly proclaims his love for Juliet. He tells the Friar “I have forgot that name and that name’s woe” (A2S3L44). Romeo is then again hasty as he asks for Juliet’s hand in marriage, the very day after they first meet. He begs Friar to wed them that day “But this I pray, That thou consent to marry us today” (A2S3L61-62). Romeo is extremely hasty to marry Juliet because he has never before had anyone return his affections, and if they get married quickly there is less chance of anyone ruining their plans. Even against the cautious warning of the Friar “Wisely and slow. They stumble that run fast” (A2S3L94). Had Romeo not so quickly fallen in love, and waited to wed Juliet, and not set the basis of this tragic play, they may still have lived.

Capulet, Juliet’s father, too show hastiness in this play. When he proposes his daughter to wed County Paris. The wedding is originally set to Thursday, after being proposed on the Tuesday. However after refusing to wed Paris, and soon afterward devising a plan, Juliet, to be seen once more as the perfect and dutiful daughter, agrees to marry Paris. Juliet’s father is so joyous that he brings forward the wedding to Wednesday, the very next day “I’ll have this knot knit up tomorrow morning” (A4S2L22). To avoid suspicion, Juliet continues to play the perfect daughter role, she asks her nurse “… To help me sort such needful ornaments As you think fit to furnish me tomorrow…” (A4S3L32-33) to make it seem like she is happy to wed Paris. If the wedding had not been brought forward, there may have been more time to inform Romeo of the plan, and their love, and lives, may have been saved.

The play concludes with both teenagers taking their lives because they cannot stand to be without each other. This is done rather hastily, “Here’s to my love! O true apothecary! The drugs are quick. Thus with a kiss I die.” (A5S4L119-120), Romeo takes his life because his fair Juliet appears to be dead, if he had not acted so rashly and with such haste he would have been alive long enough for the Friar to find him and explain to him what was going on, or long enough to see Juliet wake and would then not have needed to kill himself. Juliet also takes her life with much haste, after she wakes finding her dear Romeo dead, she kisses him, hoping there is yet still poison on his lips, “I will kiss thy lips. Haply some poison yet doth hang on them to make me die with a restorative.” (A5S3L169-171), She resorts to suicide before considering that she could live a life without Romeo. When she realizes there is not enough poison on Romeo’s lips to kill her, she takes a dagger and with no recess stabs herself. “O happy dagger! This is thy sheath, there rust, and let me die.” (A5S3L174-175). Had Romeo not acted with such rapidity he would have lived, and so would have Juliet.

Haste, and the consequences of its action, is more responsible for the tragic suicides of the teenagers than any other element of the play. Both teenagers die, whether by their own haste, or by that created by other characters.

John Smith Personal Essay

John Smith PERSONAL ESSAY My name is John Smith. I am 22 years old. I am a senior at Mt San Jacinto College. I live in Hemet CA. with my roommate and brother and I’m the oldest in my family. I feel I am a very responsible and a hard worker in and out of school. I get my homework done and help my mom with my five-year-old sister when she is working long hours. I feel that is one of many reasons why I’m responsible.

I am also a very competitive person. I always try my best to do the best at whatever I do, in or out of school. In school my greatest strength is I am organized and detailed. I try my hardest on all assignments. Out of school my greatest strength is I always use my free time wisely. My theory is there is always something to be done.

My greatest weakness in school is staying focused on the topic or subject that doesn’t interest me. For example, my thoughts may wonder-off and I will be thinking about something else, other then the story I’m reading, if the book is not interesting to me. My weakness out of school is I tend to kid around too much.

During my free time I enjoy going up to the mountains with my family to snowboard. We go several times during the winter. I work on my web page, and talk to my friends on the internet. I also play my guitar during free time.

My favorite hobbies are dirt bike riding and studying. Every weekend I study with all my friends at my house. I also like building things out of wood such as my entertainment center.

If I were to describe myself to a college roommate I would say that I am a very responsible person, that knows how to work hard and play hard. I am very versatile, and can get along with almost anyone. I listen to all types of music, from rock to rap. I like all types of sports, from dirt bike riding to hockey. I feel I am a well rounded person and have a balance of many different activities and experiences in my life.

In seven years I will be in my corner office in New York I will be running my own business. After that I will be attending law school to become an attorney in business law.

If life and rascism in the early 1900′s is still a relevant factor today. To Kill a Mockingbird

To Kill a Mockingbird is set in 1932 in the Deep South. It deals with issues of cold heartedness, shame, ignorance, intolerance, and racism, through a child’s eyes. It is contrasted by the concern, dignity, tolerance, and caring of a white brother, sister, single father, and their respected black maid. This small family unit’s ethics are in contrast to the ethics of the rest of the town. This sets the tone of the book.

In my opinion, the generation you were born in influences how you react to the situation in the book. For example, I discussed this topic with my mother, who was a very young girl when the book was published. She was shocked and appalled by Tom Robinson’s situation. However, I think that most teenagers in this generation aren’t nearly as shocked and surprised with the situation that happened to Tom Robinson due to all the violence in video games and movies. Also the geographic area you live in may change your reaction to the story. For instance, if you live in a country like the United States where violence occurs daily, you might be less shocked by the situation happening with Tom Robinson. If you live in a country like England, where guns are illegal, your reaction to Tom Robinson’s death might be totally different to those of Americans. For me, being a teenager in the United States in 2004, the incident, as it is written, did not “work”, although I do understand that it works for others.

Since 1932, the Civil Rights Movement has improved the lives for African Americans in many ways. In the book, Scout is surprised that many of the African American church congregation could not read. Now, as schools have integrated, African Americans have better access to education. Tom Robinson obviously had an unfair trial due to his ethnicity. According to the University of Alabama’s “Black News”, prisons in America contain 73% African American prisoners. This may indicate African Americans still receive unfair trials. Even though the situation for many African Americans has improved in the last 72 years there is still not equality between black and whites. Therefore, social injustice between black and white America is still a relevant issue.

Throughout most of the book Scout, Jem, and Dill were intrigued yet terrified of Boo Radley. As I read the book I realized that Boo Radley suffered from a psychiatric illness. Towards the end of the book Scout and Jem realized that Boo Radley helped them over the years, and saved their lives. Today many people are scared of people with psychiatric illnesses, not knowing how to react to them. The tolerance Atticus Finch showed to everybody is as relevant today as it was in 1932.

When Scout approached the mob of white men outside Tom Robinson’s jail cell and made them realize for a moment, “it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird”, she summed up the moral issues of the book The issues are still relevant today. If this novel were written today I think that scene and others would have been more likely to be violent and gory, to attract a younger audience and make it “work”. In conclusion, I think that this book only “works” for older generations and more peaceful societies.

Rhetorical Analysis of Orwell’s “Shooting an Elephant”

While reading the essay Shooting an Elephant, first published in 1936 by Eric Blair under the pen name of George Orwell, one gets captivated by the intricate web of rhetoric that Blair weaves throughout the piece.

Surely, the reason this essay keeps the attention of the reader so well is because Blair writes with an unmistakably strong exigency. It is this need of his to tell the world the truth about imperialism that enables him to write something so captivating.

Blair found himself in Moulmein, Burma, as a police officer of the town. He found out what imperialism really is in its naked form, and the nature of it, from an incident in which he was practically pushed into shooting an elephant by the Burmese people. Although he did not want to shoot the elephant, nor did he have to, he ended up doing so due to the immense pressure he felt during the time. The realization dawned upon him that the Burmese who are being oppressed by his people are actually the ones who are in complete control. This sudden enlightenment brought about by this somewhat bizarre occurrence is what prompted Blair to write this essay in the first place.

He realized that while it may seem that the “white man” in the East is above the people living there and is there to teach them the “right” ways, he is actually just some pawn that can be moved about the board by the people that he is there to oppress. Coming from their “superior” civilizations falsely believing that they must educate the rest of the world, the imperialists are only doing damage to themselves. Blair’s argument is made clear: that when these so-called white men turn despotic, it is their own freedom that they hinder. That is the logos of this piece. He strongly emphasizes that the imperialists are there playing the part of a conventionalized, hollow figure who does nothing but try to impress the natives and avoid being laughed at. “He wears a mask, and his face grows to fit it” (pg. 107, line 35).

It is obvious for whom Blair wrote this essay: the people who are somehow involved in imperialism. If a person from this intended audience were to read Shooting an Elephant they would most likely begin to grasp how futile their efforts, and the efforts of their country (the imperialist oppressors), really are. And that is exactly what Blair is trying to do; his goal is to unveil the vainness of imperialism. He wants his audience to realize what he realized, and hopefully do something about it. That is the purpose of him writing such work, and he is obviously credible enough to do so because he experienced this first-hand. It was he who was forced into shooting the elephant by the masses of Burmese people who surrounded him. It was he who felt the actual tension of imperialism upon him.

In order to accomplish his task of clarifying the true nature of imperialism for his audience, Blair appeals to many emotions along the way.

To begin with the most obvious of them all, he appeals to the curiosity of the reader. As the reader reads the first two pages, many questions are subconsciously being asked in their mind. Questions such as “What does imperialism have to do with an elephant?” surely arise. Blair’s use of appealing to curiosity here works on two rhetorical levels. One of the two levels utilized by the curiosity appeal keeps the attention of the reader and carries them on to the meat of the essay, while the other plants a few rhetorical devices (such as the appeal of spite in paragraphs one and two) and gets the reader in a certain state of mind for what Blair has in store for them. It is important to note that he does not directly address what his argument will be until paragraph three.

Along with the appeal to curiosity, Blair also employs an appeal of spite. As Blair explains how the people of the country he was in treated him and the other Europeans it gives the reader an idea of what kind of situation this particular agent of imperialism was in. And because it was the “natives” who were spiteful towards the Europeans it sways the reader to the assumption that it must have been the Europeans who were in the wrong. The reader would question “Why else would the natives treat the people who are supposed to be there to help them so poorly?” Blair cleverly planted this device in his introductory paragraphs to spawn such assumptions in the minds of the audience to back up his main argument that the efforts imperialism puts forth are in vain.

As Blair continues to expand on the actual story being told he appeals to pity on more than one occasion. The most significant appeal to pity can be found on page 108, specifically paragraph two. This paragraph reveals to the audience the mental suffering that Blair had undergone throughout this experience. At the start of the paragraph, he states that he knew exactly what to do in order to handle the situation with the elephant. Shortly there after, his attitude completely changes. He realizes he can not avoid shooting the elephant. Blair casts a certain spell over the reader with this paragraph. He writes as though he is seeing himself in the third person. He becomes “the white man”, and gives the audience the eyes of the Burmese crowd to look upon him during this moment. The audience sees what is happening to him: his insides are melting, causing him to become the hollow, posing figurine that is the “white man” in the East. In doing so, he conforms himself to do what the crowd wants to see. He is frightened, but can not appear to be in front of the natives, and so he resists being scared. He is there, but not as himself. At this point the audience gets a true feel for just how much control that crowd had over him. The appeal to pity here is the struggle that Blair is fighting in his mind (and he makes it absolutely clear that it is indeed a struggle), which makes the audience sympathetic towards him and in turn be more liable to accept his argument as truth. The fact that in the end, contrary to his own will, he shot the elephant because that is what the Burmese crowd wanted and expected to see, is the ultimate verifying factor to the reader of the validity of his argument.

Blair appeals to pity once more on the following page, where the killing of the elephant was described in a very symbolic manner. “The thick blood welled out of him like red velvet, but still he did not die.”(pg. 109, lines 17-18). To the reader it gives the impression that as Blair watched the animal slowly die he felt his own freedom caving in on itself, imploding inside him until he could no longer watch the result of his actions any further. Blair uses the appeal to pity throughout his telling of the events involving the elephant not only once, but a few times in order to ensure that his argument is emphasized to the audience: that when the “white man” resorts to tyranny and sets out to dominate over others, it is only his own freedom that he is inhibiting.

One can not possibly write a proper rhetorical analysis of Blair’s Shooting an Elephant without noting the significance of the very last sentence of the essay. “I often wondered whether any of the others grasped that I had done it solely to avoid looking a fool.” By others he is referring to the other Europeans who were in Burma serving the British Empire along with him. He leaves the reader with this final statement to provoke thought. From this sentence, the audience picks up on the fact that he initially neglected to tell his co-imperialists about the breakthrough he had that dislodged the foundation of what they were doing in that foreign country. Blair makes the audience ask themselves “Why, why not tell them?” And perhaps many of the readers will come to the right conclusion: that instead of being too hasty, Blair chose to carefully organize his words to achieve a more powerful effect and later unfold it to them, and all others, through his writing and skilled use of rhetoric.

Honor

Credit. Nobility. Principle. Reputation. Respect. Tribute. All these words that someone could just blab out from their mouth have a similar meaning—honor. What is honor? I could blab out a mouthful of words from the top of my head right now, and you would most likely know what I would be talking about. Honor has been a term that has been used in many ways and defined in many perspectives and views. It has been misinterpreted quite too many times in reading and writing, but some know the true statement of the meaning of honor. Perhaps this is so because one thinks that honor is difficult to translate into words. What do you think it means?Does honor portray a meaning that rewards people, or does its true meaning mean to treat others with respect, value, esteem, dignity, and regard? Many presidents and famous people who have helped this one nation a great deal has defined honor to the nation. “Honor isn’t about making the right choices. It’s about dealing with the consequences.” “He has honor if he holds himself to an ideal of conduct though it is inconvenient, unprofitable, or dangerous to do so.” “You cannot believe in honor until you have achieved it, better keep yourself clean and bright; you are the window through which you must see the world.” “The shortest and surest way to live with honor in the world is to be in reality what we would appear to be; all human virtues increase and strengthen themselves by the practice and experience of them.” “No person was ever honored for what he received. Honor has been the reward for what he gave.”Honor has been misinterpreted so many times by lots of people that its significance has grown and grown and grown since the day that it gave way. Honor can be said to be used in two different senses. We can talk of someone’s honor or we can speak about giving honor to somebody else. Integrity is a person’s honor. In all problems, areas, or situations, when one does right it is considered to be honor. When somebody gives honor, it means to emphasize your relationship with him or her. In other words, it means to value your relationship with her/him. Now, this can be acted and performed in many ways. You can be respectful to him or her, show friendly traits such as being kind and intelligent, and care for them. What does it mean to honor your parents? It simply means to be obey them with self-respect and dignity. In addition, it means to be grateful. Someone can look at honor as having two halves to it. The first half is a desire to obey and the second is a fear of not obeying or complying to the fact.

Honor is the ability of oneself to present honesty, fairness, or integrity in their beliefs and actions. Yes, there are times when people are being ranked in honor putting across the point that they have high respect from people. Honor can mean high public esteem, fame, and glory. The way you receive all this fame and glory is if you commit a good deed. All the people who serve in the army of the United States should be all honored in some way. This is because those men and possibly some women risk their lives to fight in the war for somebody else. They do it to perform a good deed, not just for the fun of it. There have been some martyrs, and people have been killed. When someone is killed for doing the right thing, they should have credit. Like in Islam, those who are martyrs should be honored for they make great sacrifices or suffer to further a belief or cause.

Those who receive honor should have a good reputation or name for doing the right things at the right time whether they committed a sacrifice or became a martyr. It is like a source of credit to someone who was willing to do something that others would not want to do because of their lack of bravery and courage. They achieved something that others would never achieve. When that occurs, he or she should not just be avoided. Then, this world would not work together to form an excellent society. When somebody receives honor, it could be a special recognition for an unusual achievement. It certainly is a privilege to be honored.

There are a whole lot of nouns that could be exchanged for the use of honor in a statement or sentence. However, honor is considered to be the most general term. Those people who have achieved any form of honor are called heroes. In general, honor has many meanings applied to it, and this is just a brief essay on the meanings on honor from my perspectives as well as the research that I have done. Honor is a right to respect as an equal and is a subjective right. Honor is a trait that is single and invisible and can be lost.

Romeo and Juliet essay about who is to blame for the tradgic occurrences in the play.

William Shakespeare’s “Romeo and Juliet” is a story of a series of occurrences which ultimately result in the tragic deaths of many. These tragic occurrences can not be blamed on any one person or happening, but instead on a number of actions, which when combined, led to the disastrous events which were to follow. The Feud between Romeo and Juliet’s family, the secrecy, which resulted because of it and the fighting between the two families are all responsible.

Although there is not one single event which is soley responsible for all the terrible incidents, the ancient grudge between the Capulet and Montague families played a very large role in causing this new hostility, which ” From ancient grudge (broke) to new mutiny” (Prologue, Chorus, L3). Almost everything which happened can be related back in some way to this event. It was this feud, which in the first place caused Romeo and Juliet to wed in secret, with only Juliet’s nurse and the Friar Laurence knowing and more importantly without their parent’s consent. Romeo and Juliet were forced to hide their love as Romeo was a Montague and Juliet a Capulet and they were afraid of what their parent’s reaction would be.

This feud was also the reason for the fight between Tybalt (a Capulet), Mercutio (Romeo’s friend) and Romeo (a Montague). For years there had been great hatred and rivalry between the two families who at every opportunity, fought each other. Now however, Romeo was reluctant to fight Tybalt (for he was Juliet’s cousin) and Mercutio fought him instead to honour the Montague name. Mercutio lost this fight and was killed by Tybalt. An enraged Romeo, however, avenged his friend’s death by killing Tybalt. These two deaths were significant in what was to happen, as this fight led to Romeo’s banishment from Verona. This banishment meant that Romeo and Juliet would never see each other again and Juliet vowed that if she couldn’t find a way to be with Romeo again, she no longer wanted to live. We learn of her suicidal thoughts after hearing of her arranged marriage to Paris. She says to her nurse,

“I’ll to the Friar, to know his remedy:

If all else fail, myself have power to die.” (A3, S5, L240-241)

In addition, Capulet thought that Juliet was only grieving for Tybalt and it was her unhappiness, which made her father agree to the County’s marriage proposal. All of her unhappiness though was not for her cousin Tybalt, but also because of Romeo’s banishment.

Due to Capulet forcing Juliet to marry the County Paris, he is also, in part, to blame for the tragic occurrences, however as Romeo and Juliet’s marriage was a secret he didn’t know that Juliet was already married. Capulet felt this marriage would make his daughter happy once again, but instead it forced Juliet to follow the Friar’s hapless plan to get out of the wedding. Juliet became so concerned about having to wed Paris and angry with her father for making her, that she agreed to such a plan. It was this plan, which directly resulted in the “… pair of star-crossed lovers (taking) their life.” (Prologue, Chorus, L6)

Capulet, also being the head of the Capulet family, should have known better than to continue their feud with the Montagues. Neither family could remember why the grudge began and all it was doing was tearing Verona in two. The Prince had already threatened that if they didn’t stop their fighting, their “…lives (would) pay the forfeit of the peace.” (A1, S1, L94-95) Old Montague, as the head of his family also should have known better.

Friar Laurence, who was only trying to help the young lovers and end their family’s feud, betrothed “… this alliance may so happy prove, To turn your households’ rancour to pure love.” (A2, S3, L 87-88), can also partially be blamed for the tragic events which occurred.

It was his plan that went so terribly wrong and caused Romeo to believe that Juliet was dead and kill himself out of sorrow and despair. Juliet awoke beside the body of her beloved Romeo and instead of living a life without him, took his dagger and killed herself stating, ” O happy dagger! This is thy sheath; there rust, and let me die” (A5, S3, L68-69) The Friar however, can be blamed for many of the things which happened even before he came up with this disastrous plan, as it was he who wed the couple in secret, only days before their death.

“Romeo and Juliet’s” many tragic occurrences can be blamed on the Capulet and Montague feud, Romeo and Juliet’s secrecy and the fighting between the two families, but perhaps the blame should be placed on Romeo and Juliet’s ancestors who began the grudge so many years before. As the deaths of Mercutio and Tybalt were a direct result of the hatred between the two families. This hatred and hostility was so strong that unfortunately it took the deaths of many family and friends before the two opposing sides could put aside their differences and end their age old fighting.

Prejudice Essay.

Throughout the years, people of different race, culture, sex, and more have experienced what we call prejudice. Prejudice is an opinion or judgment based on stereotypical, irrelevant, inadequate knowledge. Such groups as the internationally known Ku Klux Klan (KKK) demonstrated extreme prejudice actions. In my essay, I will cover what prejudice is, the different types, how it is demonstrated, how it makes victims feel, and lastly, how it can be stopped. I hope to put my point forth that prejudice should come to a halt, and I hope you will as well, after reading my essay.

Many things in everyday life can cause a person to become prejudiced. However, people are not born with prejudice but family upbringing, and unpleasant experiences can cause people to become prejudiced. For instance, difference is a key factor of prejudice. Jealousy and conformity also cause prejudice feelings. Self centered persons form stereotypes on people who are different then themselves. These prejudice people exclude and thus, do not accept others diverse views. All in all, prejudice may be cause by a variety of things, but mainly by difference and stereotypical judgments.

Prejudice has been performed in various ways throughout history, in this paragraph I will identify what I believe the main types of prejudice are. Prejudice can be based on the gender of a person. For example,” boys are better then girls at sports”, a common childish stereotype. Ethnic background, age, race, culture, religion, and political beliefs are just some other types of prejudice. Racism is one of the key examples pf prejudice. Finally, prejudice is demonstrated in numerous ways today… particularly by difference in race and gender.

Prejudice is performed often in today’s world. People form stereotypes on others. These stereotypes are often false. Example, “Canadians live in igloos and consistently eat at Tim Horton’s”. This statement is false…so are the majority of stereotypes out there. Prejudice was shown at an extreme level at a time where there was segregation of races. This racial segregation wore down when civil rights became increasingly important and civil leads like Martin Luther King gained freedoms and rights for African Americans. Furthermore, prejudice is demonstrated frequently, and should be considered before producing childish judgments of others.

How would you feel being a victim of prejudice? Lonely, incapable, different? All three are just some feelings victims encounter. Most feel saddened, lost, discriminated, and exposed. They feel these feelings because they may be slightly different, or just have different beliefs and are not accepted because of this. Thus, remember the golden rule “treat others the way you want to be treated”, and make your own mind up about people… don’t decide who they are by what you have heard.

Prejudice should come to a stop. Together, we can make this happen. People should be accepted for who they are, not by what they look like, where they come from, or what they believe in. We can stop this by making our own minds up about others, forming educated opinions on them after actually getting to know them. In conclusion, “don’t judge a book by its cover”…judge a person for who they are inside…integrate races…and unite in diversity.

To Kill a mockingbird book report

There will be a time in each person’s life when they reach the point where they’re no longer a children. This is the time when they became aware if things that are going around them, and it often called the point of awareness or growing up. Perhaps each individual person experiments this stage at different time, and yet in different situations. In the book To Kill A Mockingbird by Harper Lee, Scout, the main character experiments her growing up stage from some excited, but yet tragic situations. In my opinion, Scout’s growing up stage was strongly influenced by Atticus. Throughout the whole story Atticus had taught her lots of things that are very valuable, but the most important lesson Atticus had taught her is how to look at things from different perspective or to climb in other people’s skin and walk in it. He also taught her the true meaning of courage. Throughout the whole story Scout used Atticus’s advice and gained a better understanding of the world she is part of.

One of the lesson Scout learned from Atticus is to look at things from other people’s perspective. Atticus had said ” If you can learn a simple trick, you’ll get along a lot better with all kind of folks, You never really understand a person until you consider this from his point of view, until you climb into his skin and walk around in it”. Scout learned an extremely good lesson from what Atticus said. In fact by following Atticus’s advice Scout did gain a better understand of other people around her. In the beginning of the story Scout, Jem , and Dill are curious about Boo Radley because he never come out side from his house or associates with anyone in the neighborhood. They were afraid of him because of all the stories they hear about him from the people in Maycomb. They though Boo is a scary and moral person, so they werevery excited and interested in trying to make Boo come out. But after the incident causes Miss Maudie’s house to burn down, Boo sneaks out of the house to cover Scout up with a blanket. She then got the idea that Boo is not a monster at all, but are actually nice. Now that Scout realized that Boo is a basically a kind person her interest on try to make Boo come out begins to fade. But Scout only stand in Boo’s shoes and look at things from his perspective at the end of the book. When Scout meets Boo Radley after he helps her and Jem escape from Mr. Ewell. She finds that her beliefs about him are not true. She than walk him home and get a chance to stand on the Radley’s porch and imagined all the things Boo could see through the window. Scout never sees Boo again after that night but she has learned that he was a good man all along. By taking Atticus’s advice Scout learned to understand Boo, someone she thought to be the scariest person in town, and most importantly she learned a great lesson about understanding and tolerance.

The second most important lesson Scout had learned from her father is the true meaning of courage. Throughout the whole story Atticus is a well respected man in Maycomb, until he agrees to defense Tom Robinson whom was accused for rapping. Atticus’ action lead him to lots of trouble and harassments from the people in Maycomb. Regardless that Atticus were willing to go against the whole town just to defense something he think is right. Atticus said ” If I didn’t defend Tom I couldn’t hold my head in town”. Even know he won’t be able to win the case Atticus still tried to defense Tom to the best of his ability. By defending Tom Robinson, Atticus show his kids the meaning of true courage. Scout get the sense of courage little by little when living with Atticus. Throughout the whole story Scout did things that proven she knows what courage means. She willing to get in fight with the kids at school when they called her father a “Nigger Lover”. She willing to go with Jem to Mrs Dubose’s when he get punish for destroying her flower even though she hate, and scared of Mrs. Dubose. She willing to talk to Mr. Cunningham when he came with the mob to tried to kill Tom Robinson, and by doing so she possibly did saved her father from danger. All of these are examples of how Scout show that she understands what Atticus had taught her about the true meaning of courage.

Scout had learned many lessons and moral throughout the whole novel. But the most important lessons she learned is from Atticus. She had learned to look at things from other people’s perspective and the true meaning of courage. The lesson Scout had learned from Atticus did help her gain a better understanding of other people around her, and it will help her be a better person when she grow up.

A Critical and Rhetorical Analysis of William Cronon’s Only Connect.

A Liberal Education? Not According to Cronon. A Critical and Rhetorical Analysis of Cronon’s Only Connect.

While the term liberal education is heard from the most prestigious university to an inner city community college, the phrase itself has a hazy definition at best. While educators across America struggle with the definition of the phrase, William Cronon uses purpose, structure, and appeals in his essay “Only Connect: The Goals of Liberal education,” to define a liberally educated being and the characteristics that such an education should impart. Cronon capitalizes on inductive structuring to lead the reader along, gently building each new statement upon a foundation of previous ideas. This effectively leads the reader to a strange and new concept that a liberal education should nurture the human mind and inspire students to have love for their fellow humanity.

One purpose of Cronon’s essay is to emancipate the phrase liberal education from the debates and misconceptions that have swirled around the words since their creation while also inspiring educators to embody a teaching philosophy that attempts to create a spiritual love for those around them. While having no definition himself, Cronon states that he is able to answer his question with “a list [...] of personal qualities: the ten values [he] most admire[s] in the people who seem to embody the values of a liberal education”(159). He wishes to move away from the “mantra-like”(156) and “empty”(156) definition that these words hold to a more functional, working explanation of a liberal education. Cronon’s list of characteristics provides the reader with a plausible understanding of a liberal education. While Cronon is unable to define a liberal education, he is competent in defining what a liberal education produces. By admitting that he is unable to define a liberal education and instead focusing on the characteristics that such an education embodies, Cronon is laying the groundwork for his revolutionary thesis.

Cronon allows the reader to easily see his purpose in the beginning of the piece by debating what a liberal education is. When the reader hears Cronon’s turmoil over this subject it is clear that he intends to answer, or attempt to answer this question within the following sections of his work. By making his purpose clear within this section of the essay Cronon effectively communicates what his piece will attempt to do, at least in part, and crafts the clear, easy to read prose which in weaved throughout the rest of the composition.

Besides giving the reader a workable definition of liberal education, Cronon also attempts to establish a connection between an education and love. Cronon insists that a “liberal education is about gaining the power and wisdom [...] to connect.” (161) He is also trying to establish that while all educations should instill knowledge, they should also inspire love and respect for the world in general. A liberal education is not a definite thing. No course list or credit requirements can impart a liberal education for it is a way of “groping towards wisdom in full recognition”(161) of the limitations of humanity. While Cronon attempts to define a liberal education, it is not the main purpose of his essay. It is only a prelude to his ultimate statements about love, humanity, and the effect that a liberal education should have on both.

After Cronon shifts his purpose the reader is initially skeptical. While Cronon’s writing style allows the writer to follow his statements with ease, his shift in theme from an essaying attempting to define a liberal education to a persuasive piece leaves the reader somewhat confused. The two are drastically different. While a less talented writer may have lost his audience with such a dramatic shift, Cronon is able to weave his statements in such a way that while the shift in purpose is extreme, Cronon has prepared the reader with his list of qualities that a liberally educated being cherishes. If the reader is able to see the value in Cronon’s list, then one is able to make the transition with only a small amount of confusion as the characteristics Cronon describes place a large value on “connecting”(161) with the world. Cronon allows the reader to see that connecting is more or less about having a spiritual love for fellow man. While Cronon gives up on defining a liberal education he intelligently accomplishes his purpose by stating what a liberal education produces and effectively utilizes these traits in convincing the reader that a liberal education should inspire spiritual love and respect for the world around them.

Throughout Cronon’s essay the structure that he employs plays a critical role in his gentle persuasion of the reader. Cronon is crafty and subversive in his persuasion of the reader through the use of his inductive structure. Beginning his essay with a question, “What does it mean to be a liberally educated person?”(156), Cronon temps the reader with an intriguing question. The reader is enticed with the proposition of an answer as the phrase is plastered on many surfaces and never thoroughly defined in modern society where a clear working definition would be exquisite. While entrancing the reader Cronon’s opening question serves another purpose as well: building the foundation for his thesis. While he attempts to answer this confusing question he slowly crescendos towards the new and controversial thesis, which explains the connection between love and a liberal education.

Cronon deftly uses the inductive structure to seduce the reader. While Cronon’s primary audience is one of skeptics, educators across America whose primary function in life is teach through evaluation and skepticism, he must gently introduce his thesis. Love and education are not generally associated in modern society. By questioning the definition of a liberal education which Cronon insists is “mired in controversy”(156), he interests these skeptics for they too have debated this very topic. Moving to his discussion of a liberally educated person in the next section of his essay, Cronon further entices educators across America by intelligently discussing what the qualities of a liberal education should impart. Cronon begins to introduce his thesis near the end of his paper. He suggests that a liberal education’s success should be measured “by how well [they] succeed in training children and young adults to aspire to [his] ten qualities”(161). Further more he offers, “a liberal education is not something any of us could ever achieve”(162) but an education that excels in promoting a way of life that discards the “illusion that our educations will ever be complete”(162). Cronon’s attempt to define a liberal education ends with him asserting that a liberal education does not instill certain knowledge but promotes a way of life.

In the last paragraph of the essay Cronon finally introduces the connection between love and a liberal education. He states that a liberal education can be easily summed up in two words: “only connect”(162). While these two words describe the goals of a liberal education according to Cronon he asserts that they are also “an equally fine description of that most powerful and generous form of human connection we call love.”(162) By leaving his revolutionary thesis till the final paragraph of his essay Cronon almost proves his case before he has stated it. Cronon was wise in using this type of structure because if Cronon had stated his thesis early in the piece he might have alienated the reader. Clearly understanding the treacherous ground that he stands upon, Cronon intelligently uses structure to gently implant his thesis in the readers mind allowing Cronon to deliver his thesis without the shock that would have been present had he seen fit to use a more deductive structure.

While Cronon uses some rational appeals to convince the reader of his proclaimed connection between love and a liberal education, he focuses more on the emotions of the reader. Throughout the essay Cronon makes the reader feel saddened and heart struck by the absence of love inspiring curriculum. By discussing lists that are often used to describe a liberal education, Cronon forces the reader to see that while lists can describe and define what a student must undertake to accomplish their education, these lists cannot define a liberal education. Cronon reiterates that education is missing a critical element and agape love inspiring curriculum should be included. By the time Cronon states, “I would like to therefore like to return to my opening question and try to answer it (since I too find lists irresistible) with a list of my own,”(161) the reader has been convinced by Cronon’s previous statements that our course requirements are lacking. When Cronon introduces his list of things a liberally educated being should portray, the reader is able to grasp his more abstract definition of a liberal education. Cronon uses emotional appeals quite well to gently nudge his ideas into the reader’s mind by allowing his arguments to . In conjunction with his inductive structure Cronon gently implants two ideas into the readers mind. One is that the current definition of a liberal education is seriously skewed and the other is that there is truly something lacking from our education. The reader feels the need for change. Through the use of emotional appeals Cronon effectively convinces the reader of that need and by the end of the piece the reader is open to Cronon’s final revolutionary thesis.

Love and education: while most people do no associate the two, Cronon makes a strong case for making a connection between the two. Through his use of appeals, inductive structure, and a strong shifting purpose, Cronon presents his case with a clear and logically organized paper. His ideas are sound. The present education system is seriously flawed. When Cronon attempts to connect love to a liberal education, at first the assumption seems vague and far-fetched, but after considering Cronon’s arguments, the idea seems plausible. If an education is not opening the eyes of the students and inspiring them with an awe and wonder of the world but focusing strictly on subject matter, a critical element is being neglected. Cronon’s argument that a liberal education should nurture the human mind is valid. A proper education must maintain a balance between both core subject matter and classes which inspire students “to connect” (162) to those around them. Without such a balance the results of the education system will be individuals without a love for humanity and without a desire to improve the world.

Stephen Crane Naturalism Essay

Naturalism refers to scientific objects that is only controlled by our own self, but ruled with passion. In Stephen Crane’s short story, “The Open Boat”, he uses four unique characteristics to bring his story to life. A story containing literary naturalism has been defined as one which emphasizes the role of environment upon human characters, where nature is portrayed as uncaring, where it seems there is no order in the universe, where man looks for order and signs in the universe, and where it seems that man has no purpose in nature.

“None of them knew the color of the sky,” Crane instantly sets the tone by offering hat there is no time for a tourist’s observation when one is battling for their life. They were so intent on survival that none of the four men on the boat knew the color of the sky. Crane implies that he lifted his tale from actual facts. From the start the reader anticipates that not all four of the men will safely reach shore.

Presenting inanimate objects as if they were living, is one of Crane’s naturalistic concepts. He refers to the boat that the four men are on as a “bucking bronco”. These men are frequently assaulted by a threatening “greyness”. In the first paragraph, the waves are compared to “slate”. Crane adds that each one could completely describe the “colors of the sea”, even though none of them knew the color of the sky. Towards the end of the first section, Crane hints that the oiler may not survive. The oiler is characterized as the most impersonal. By the end of the first section, Crane’s technique implies that in this story the one who does not battle against the condition could be the easiest target by nature. The action of the story’s plot continues in the second section. The sea is the main conflict in the story.

In the third section Crane creates the connection of man to the deangerous nature which surrounds these men. Nature should always be recognized threatening. At the end of this section, the men uncover four cigars and matches. Crane seems to be hinting that they are confident that they can defeat nature. Crane continues the story’s dramatic tension in the fourth section. It begins with the captain noticing that “there don’t seem to be any signs of life about your house of refuge”. Next, Crane reveals to the readers something that four men do not know. He seems to say that we hope for the impossible and believe in things that are not actually there as a part of life’s cruelty. A “yellow tone” sets across the sky. It begins to rain. The cook asks then “what kind of pie” do his shipmates like, Crane couldn’t resist ending the section with a comical remark. The oiler is disgusted with the cook’s question. Yet once again it indicates the cook’s desire to live and enjoy life. In the fifth section, Crane intensifies the men’s experience of isolation. A shark once again circles their boat as this section closes.

Crane starts the sixth section with a refrain, “If I am going to be drowned”. Nature is seen as vicious instead of compassionate. Someone who recognizes this difference should be love himself, says Crane. He observes that in such a moment nature responds by flashing “a high cold star on a winter’s night”. “Thereafter” the man “knows the pathos of his situation”.

Crane allows a little hope to enter in the last section. Without any other reasonable plan, the captain wants to bring the boat into the surf themselves. As they come close to shore, the waves force every single one of the four men out of the boat, and they struggle to reach the shore. The only man who did not survive was the oiler. This life and death struggle with the sea demands a price. In this case, the price of battling nature is that one man must die. Crane chose the oiler as the victim because he was the least likeable and the closest to living as if dead while he was alive. “To battle the sea a man must be willing to give his all and choose life.”Cited:Crane, Stephen. The Open Boat. 1898

Scholarship Essay

Education is a very valuable asset in today’s career seeking professional. Without a college education, it can become extremely frustrating trying to find a great paying job that you truly enjoy. A college degree is especially useful in my field of study, which is Business Management.

My goal, as a college student, is to have earned my bachelors degree in business administration through El Paso Community College (core) and University of Texas El Paso by the time my youngest child begins kindergarten. I wish to pursue a career as a business owner or top management executive in a large firm, and contribute professionalism and leadership to society. Earning my bachelors will show that I have learned the knowledge and mastered the skills necessary for top management positions in my field. The acceptance of this scholarship will greatly contribute to the financial obligations required to fulfill my academic curriculum.

I believe I make a great candidate for this scholarship because I meet all requirements and am in financial need. I have a military husband and three beautiful children. My children attend daycare while I attend my classes. Unfortunately, I have to pay a lot of money for them to go to daycare. I am twenty-seven years old and am seriously dedicated to my goals. I will do whatever I can, within reason, to accomplish my goals and will not let anything stand in my way. I am determined to contribute financially to my family, once again, and make a difference in my children’s lives and the world. I wish to provide my children financial security for their education in their futures.

I am working very hard to earn my degree. Currently, I have a 3.00 GPA. I know that when I finally walk across that stage to receive my diploma, I will have accomplished a great achievement in my professional academic success. I know that I will have the skills and confidence required to succeed in the business world.

Pollution Essays and Causes.

The economy is slowing, third world nations have political unrest, and Susie is distraught because she cannot decide what to wear to school tomorrow. These seem to be the problems that society is extremely concerned with today. The thing that is so shocking is the fact that humans are so caught up with material possessions and their egocentric problems that they are blinded from the big picture. If we don’t preserve the physical world that we live in, there will be nothing to enjoy the fruits of our labor on. I had the opportunity to watch a very inspiring video this past week, and I see things a lot differently now.

The story of Inky, the pigmy sperm whale is a very moving tale. The whale beached itself for some unknown reason off the coast of New Jersey. Immediately, everyone around came to the attempted rescue of the suffering creature. The whale was airlifted to the Baltimore Aquarium, where marine biologists began to try to decipher the problem with the ailing whale that they came to call Inky. Inky continued to weaken and not eat, and no one could understand the problem. After many tests, a startling discovery was made that traumatized everyone. It seems that the problem with Inky was that she had eaten a large amount of plastic that had been drifting in the ocean from careless polluters. The biologists were able to remove the plastic contents of the whale’s stomach and begin rehabilitation. Slowly, the animal began to gain its appetite back, and began to gain some energy. Soon, Inky was back to her normal self, and the biologists took her back to her normal environment and released her.

One of the most impressive aspects of the video was how amazing it was that everyone had come together and cared so much about the whale that they did everything possible to save the creature, no matter what the cost. They had passion. The sad thing is that a majority of the human population doesn’t even have enough pride in the beautiful earth to not mess it up. Constantly, and more often than not, trash and pollution are being washed up on our beautiful shores. If everyone wants to be selfish, they should at least preserve the oceans so that they can enjoy them visually, but they couldn’t care less even about that aspect of it. People don’t even begin to think of the consequences that may arise from throwing a simple bottle cap overboard. Any number of small sea animals may attempt to consume the item, and have serious health complications including death. Not only would the fish most likely die from eating it, but also their predators would end up consuming it as well when they ate the original fish that consumed the item. Any way you look at it, any form of pollution is tragic and just plain selfish.

The first step in correcting the problem is awareness. I admit that I wasn’t completely aware that the problem was so intense until recently. I believe that if everyone could see the consequences for their actions, they might think twice about the next time they go to dispose of unwanted goods. The world is getting smaller, and we all need to learn to respect one another, man and animal alike.

An Essay about different types of water pollution

Water is a necessity to life on earth. All organisms contain it, some drink it, and others inhabit it. Plants and animals require water that is moderately pure, and they cannot survive if their water is affluent with toxic chemicals and/or harmful microorganisms. If severe, water pollution can kill large numbers of fish, birds, and other animals, in some cases killing all members of a species in an affected area. Water pollution is not only hazardous to water-bond animals it also poses as threat to humans as well.

The majority of water pollution occurs when people overload the water environment with wastes. It’s defined as contamination of streams, lakes, underground water, bays or oceans by substances harmful to living things. Such things as oil spills, boat fumes, and dumping of trash into the oceans, lakes, and rivers are just a few of the major contributors to water pollution. Throughout the past century water pollution has become a very real problem and solution must be found.

First of all, Water pollution presents problems to humans in a few ways. Water pollution makes streams, lakes, and coastal waters unpleasant to look at, to smell, and to swim in, as well as preventing us from drinking it without filtration. Fish and shellfish harvested from polluted waters may be unsafe to eat. People who ingest polluted water can become ill and if they’re exposed for a long time, may develop cancers, or have children with birth defects.

There are two types of water pollution; point source and non-point source. Point sources of pollution occur when harmful substances are put directly into a body of water (such as an oil spill). A non-point source is when pollutants enter the water indirectly through environmental changes (like when fertilizer is carried into a stream by rain).

The major water pollutants are chemical, biological, and physical materials that lessen the water quality. These pollutants can be separated into seven different classes: Petroleum products, pesticides and herbicides, heavy metals, hazardous materials, excess organic matter, sediment, and finally thermal pollution.

The first category is petroleum products. Petroleum products include oil and chemicals from oil are used for fuel, lubrication, plastics manufacturing, and many other purposes. The petroleum products get into water by accidental spills from ships, tanker trucks, and leaky underground storage tanks. Many petroleum products are poisonous if ingested by animals and spilled oil damages the feathers of birds and the fur of animals, often causing numerous deaths among these birds, furred animals, as well as fish.

The second category that pollutants can be classified as is pesticides and herbicides. These include chemicals used to kill unwanted animals and plants. An example of this may be something used to keep certain bugs off of fruits or vegetables. These pollutants may be carried into streams by rainwater. If the chemicals in these herbicides and pesticides are not biodegradable they can remain dangerous for a long period of time. When an animal eats a plant that has been treated with certain non-biodegradable chemicals, the chemicals are absorbed into their tissues or the organs. When other animals feed on a contaminated animal, the chemicals are passed up to them. As it goes up through the food chain, the chemical becomes more harmful, so animals at the top of the food chains may suffer cancers, reproductive problems, and death. This can be a very serious problem for many species of animals.

The herbicides and pesticides found in some polluted waters don’t simple pose a problem to animals; they can also be harmful to humans. More than 14 million Americans drink water contaminated by pesticides, and the EPA estimates that ten percent of wells contain pesticides. These Nitrates can cause a lethal form of anemia called blue baby syndrome in infants. Also there are many other humans that have allergies to these chemicals, and can cause health problems if enough of the contaminated water is digested.

Other chemicals that are a problem in the pollution of water are heavy metals. Heavy metals, such as copper, lead, mercury, and selenium, get into the water from industries, automobile exhaust, mines, and natural soil. Heavy metals also become more harmful as they follow the food chain. When they reach high levels in the body, they can be immediately poisonous, or can result in long-term health problems. They can sometimes cause diarrhea and, over time, liver and kidney damage. Children exposed to lead in water can suffer mental retardation. Fish that have been exposed to mercury can be extremely poisonous to humans if they eat the fish.

The fourth classification that is known to pollute waters is hazardous materials. Included in this class are chemical wastes that are toxic, reactive, corrosive, or ignitable. If not treated or stored properly, they can pollute water supplies. Such as in other categories once the hazardous wastes reach one part of the food chain they can be passed on to the animals that depend on them for food.

The fifth leading cause of water pollution is excess organic matter. Some examples of excess organic matter are fertilizers and other nutrients used to promote plant growth on farms and in gardens that may fine their way into water. At first the nutrients will help the plants and algae in the water grow, but when they die and settle underwater, microorganisms decompose them, while decomposing them the microorganisms take in oxygen that is dissolved in the water. The oxygen levels in the water may drop so low that fish and other oxygen-dependent animals in the water suffocate, and die, this happens mostly in the Midwest and other such places where there are vast amounts of farm land.

Yet another principal cause of the pollution of water is sediment. Sediment is soil particles carried to a stream bed, lake, or ocean, if in large amounts, can also be a pollutant. Soil erosion can damage a stream or lake by adding too much nutrient matter. Sedimentation can also cover stream bed gravel where many fish lay their eggs. Therefore, this can greatly decrease the population of fish in future generations. This is one of the many reasons that soil erosion is trying to be prevented today.

The final cause of water pollution, which is often overlooked, is known as Thermal water pollution. Thermal pollution takes place when water is taken from rivers, lakes, or the ocean to be used in factories and power plants. This water is usually returned to the source much warmer than when it was taken. Even a small temperature change in a body of water can drive away the fish and other species that were usually inhabited that particular region, and in conjunction attract other species in place of them. This develops unwanted ecosystems in areas where they should not be. Thermal pollution can speed up the biological processes in plants and animals and/or lower the oxygen level in the water. Fish and other wildlife near the discharge source, may die.

So as you can see, water pollution is a very serious problem it is responsible for dramatic decreases of fish and wildlife populations in our, rivers, lakes, and oceans. Water pollutants should also be held accountable for many cases of food poisoning, especially experience in seafood. In order to solve this problem we need to learn about ways for disposing harmful household wastes so they don’t end up in sewage treatment plants or landfills. In our yards, we should determine whether or not we need to add nutrients before fertilizers are applied, and look for alternatives where fertilizers may run off into surface waters. We need to preserve existing trees and plant new trees and shrubs to help prevent soil erosion. Around the house we should we need to keep litter, pet waste, leaves, and grass clippings out of gutters and storm drains, and buy as many heavily packaged foods, certain boxes, cartons, bottles, etc that are made with polluting dyes.

On a more widespread note, we must be much more careful about the types of pesticides we use, how we transport oil and other harmful materials, and work as hard as we can to prevent soil erosion and excess organic matter. If everyone works together to prevent water pollution this problem can be decreased drastically, if not eliminated. We all depend on water as a part of everyday life, we simply need to make sure that we as humans don’t take this for granted, and take every step possible to keep the waters on this Earth as clean as possible.

Outfoxed: A Rhetorical Analysis

This was an assignment where I was supposed to do a rhetorical analysis over the documentary Outfoxed: Rupert Murdoch’s War on Journalism. We were supposed to discuss the message of the essay and talk about how to improve it.

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Journalism, by definition of the Merriam-Webster Dictionary, is defined as “the collection and editing of news for presentation through the media.” In the movie “Outfoxed: Rupert Murdoch’s War on Journalism,” Robert Greenwald examines Fox News’ claims to be a fair and balanced reporting network. After dissecting more closely the network’s policies and reporting methods, it is revealed that they are instead completely destroying the purpose of journalism and corrupting it with self-opinionated, right-winged bias.

Rupert Murdoch, an ultra-conservative, envisioned in the beginning of Fox News a more conservative observation of the media in contrast to the much more liberal representation that was emanated at the time. The film takes this information and then proceeds to broadcast a systematic series of events that test the validity and substance of Murdoch’s journalistic approach.

During the Reagan administration, Murdoch demanded the airing of a story in tribute to Reagan. The film portrays this as a problem because Fox News specifically focused on that story over other more important events. The only issue with the way in which they express this information is that they did not indicate what other stories were going on at the time that had a greater value.

A very interesting point the film dealt with was its emphasis on very specific parts of internal memos Fox sent to each individual broadcasting station. In the film, they darken the outside information and focus simply on one or two particular lines. The material from these one or two lines involved the stories that were to be covered that day or week. The only issue with this method of persuasion is that it does not in fact show the entire memorandum, but rather a very particular part. By hiding the audience from an entire article and instead revealing only a small portion, the documentary distorts the larger issue with minute details.

In its emphasis on fair and balanced reporting, the film challenges this claim through a very animated interviewer named Bill O’Reilly. Throughout his segment with the person he is interviewing, he often prevents them from giving their opinion by telling them to “Shut Up.” There is a nice clip from the film that combines all sorts of instances where O’Reilly tells others to shut up. This is a very effective way to demonstrate the repetitive disgruntle that O’Reilly has towards anyone that is not a right-wing conservative. These clips also succeed in showing the irrational behavior of a very powerful correspondent. For in fact, he does not truly represent anything even close to the claim of fair and balanced reporting. By constantly interrupting people he interviews, he does not give anyone else but himself a chance to express their opinion. Not only is he biased, but the film also shows his uncontrollable temper at a press conference. At the conference, he tells his opponent to “Shut Up” repeatedly after the man simply responds to O’Reilly with one simple remark.

Probably the most influential method the film has at influencing people’s opinions of the Fox News organization is its usage of anonymous interviews with previous Fox employees. The interviews involve events and occurrences that went on behind the scenes in the Fox news room. The effective result of all of this is that interviewing anonymous people automatically evokes a sense of fear and suspicion in the audience. Even if the information they present is not factual, the viewer will believe what they are saying because they presume the person is being forced into anonymity by the actions of Fox News. This is a powerful way to argue the point, but it is not the only goal that the film attempts to exploit. Greenwald also interviews numerous anchors and correspondents that all talk about the injustices surrounding news coverage. The power in this argumentative device is that it subconsciously convinces viewers that something must be wrong with Fox if all of these normal, everyday people were all mysteriously removed from their positions.

The film does not simply use dramatic interviews to entice its viewers. Another popular method for channeling information to the audience is using a popular phrase to get the attention of the reader. Fox News’ popular phrase, “Some people say,” was used in the film to demonstrate how a broad claim is a tactical method Fox uses to cut directly to a biased assertion that they affiliate with being said by “certain people.” The film puts together a combination of numerous Fox news shows in which this phrase is used. It creates a humorous, comical atmosphere surrounding the reporting of Fox, to undermine the style Fox uses to report its information. It is very effective at portraying Fox as an ignorant, childish news organization.

Throughout this film, Greenwald interviews journalism “experts” that all discuss techniques Fox uses in secretly manipulating its viewers into believing everything that is stated. One of the primary examples of this is in how Fox strives to “muddy the argument” if it knows it cannot win, or in other words, turn an argument into a draw. The only problem with this form of accusation is that the source from which the film seems to draw information from is not a notably neutral figure. In almost every interview that takes place, the film looks at these issues from the perspective of a liberal who subsequently is naturally biased in his own accusations. If the film were to acknowledge these issues from the perspective of notable conservatives as well, rather than one particular party, it would have much stronger allegations.

Another situation in which the film attempts to evoke a more comical or amusing emotion out of the reader is when the film discusses how Fox physically portrays conservatives as opposed to more liberal figures. For example, a right-wing conservative anchor is seen as polished and good-looking, while a more liberal man is viewed as a dorkier character. I think the film’s message is that something as simple as appearance truly does affect the way people distinguish information. If Fox placed a left-wing democrat that appeared refined, articulate, and good-looking on television, it might affect the way people determine who to believe in controversial arguments.

The last real controversial discussion involved the representation of the presidential election in 2000. The film talks about how Fox claimed Bush was the winner of Florida first, attempting to undermine its 2000 election campaign slogan “You Decide.” However, the falsity of this claim is seen ironically in the film “Fahrenheit 911.” In the documentary, Moore talks about how both CNN and NBC claimed Al Gore had won the state of Florida early on before Fox had issued any statement. When Fox did state that Bush was in fact the winner of Florida, the other stations suddenly changed their position on the issue. As Tom Brokaw stated, “All of us networks made a mistake and projected Florida in the Al Gore column. It was our mistake.” So realistically, Fox News was not the first to instantiate any type of controversy.

In general, I believe that the majority of this entire film was biased. I do not make this claim based on my own personal values, but instead on the information presented throughout the film. As I earlier stated, not once does the film discuss an issue it has with Fox broadcasting techniques without first directly cutting to a conversation in which they discuss the beliefs and opinions of a obviously liberal, left-wing consultant. Any conservative watching this film rightfully would be outraged based on the simple unfair claims that it makes. Also, through my previous few examples, I have refuted many of the accusations that Fox was wrongfully accused of. Other, more “reputable” news stations such as CNN, and CBS, are no better than Fox is at relaying information to viewers. A great example of this is the recent story in which CBS news questioned the legitimacy of President Bush’s service in the Texas Air National Guard during the Vietnam War era. After finding out that the information broadcast on national television was false, Dan Rather was forced to go back on air and apologize for the claim. As Rather stated, “We made a mistake in judgment, and for that I am sorry. It was an error that was made, however, in good faith and in the spirit of trying to carry on a CBS News tradition of investigative reporting without fear or favoritism.” So in essence, what this tells me and other viewers is that these other stations are just as bad in the scope of pure journalism.

The truth of the matter is, that in one way or another, the majority of all journalism is biased whether it is intended or not. People form their own opinions on issues regardless of the rules and laws they are supposed to abide by. This film would have been much more successful in my opinion, if it had likewise observed the journalistic techniques associated with CNN, and then compared the two. This would have created a more neutral perspective, and both parties could look at the situation in a much better “fair and balanced” way.

George Orwell’s 1984 Human Nature Essay

George Orwell’s 1984 is a novel which describes utter and total hate- hate of those who are different, hate of evil and hate of all other humans. It is where love is described as absurd, and totally unnecessary. People are bred to hate, and hate is the primary emotion that people feel. The lack of love and kindness is what brings the society to such a complete totalitarian state. Human beings instinctively crave love and care to thrive and without it no one can truly be happy or free. This works well for 1984 because it is a hate driven society, but the lack of love causes unrest with those who can see the importance of love. By seeking out a relationship in this society it is a certain death sentence and no moral conviction or emotional loyalty is strong enough to withstand torture or betrayal. Physical pain and fear will always cause people to betray their convictions if doing so will end their suffering.

It is extremely important for the leaders of this society to control relationships and emotions; the society breeds hatred and disapproves of love in its citizens. There is no way to successfully rebel against this control as the Party surmises. The traitors against the Party belief that love is nonexistent “[imagine] that there is something called human nature which will. . .turn against [the Party]” (Part 3. Ch. 3, Pg. 282). Unfortunately, the Party has created human nature and it despises those who believe they can fight against their control. They utilize torture to suppress loyalties that attempt to surface between rebels. The potential for loving relationships in this society is highly improbable, because of the oppressive rule and the fear of being found out by the Party bosses. The Party knows that love cannot bloom or should not because they govern emotions. It is accepted that “men are infinitely malleable.” (Part 3. Ch. 3, Pg. 282) and no one should be able to feel close to another. The Party allows people to get close perhaps, but then uses torture to have them betray each other- which is what will ultimately tear people apart. No one can allow themselves a relationship ruined by betrayal.

Not only does the Party make romantic loyalties a crime, it also creates loveless familial relations. Children in families do not show love or affection towards their parents. They are taught by the Party to spy on their mothers and fathers; to be miniature investigators for treason. The society has become one where “it was almost normal for people. . . to be frightened of their own children. (Part 1, Ch. 2, Pg. 27) The Party creates a system where children who betray their families are rewarded and so mothers cannot show any love towards their children without fearing treason- which would result in torture. No family can be close to each other as families of the past- everyone has reason to be afraid of each other and worry that they may be turned in by their offspring. A family is not an organism strong enough to bond together without fear of conviction. The Party creates spies in youth, who are afraid of what will happen to them if they do not obey the Party. No longer do families create the rules and impose authority- it is the government that raises children, and families must become terrified of their own progeny.

The most important aspect of human nature is that people can bond with each other to create loving relationships. One must find someone to fight with, to rebel against the oppression but in this society any thought of love is shadowed by the knowledge that everyone could be able to betray everybody. The Party does not permit emotional attachment and threats of torture affix themselves to any relationship- if someone loves someone, might the object of their affection just as easily be a spy than a lover? No one can honestly maintain a relationship under the pressure of the Party. In the end, betrayal is the only way to go and it overcomes even the basic human instinct to seek out love. It ends up that eventually love does not conquer all and one can only love their saviour- even if they are Party commanders. Romantic love is an ideal that cannot prevail because it is slowly bred into the hearts and minds of the rebels that this love will only end in misery. The once loving will turn into bitter misers and betray whomever that they believe put them in the torture chamber. Love may be worth “risking everything for” (Erica Jong) but unfortunately what happens in the end is that “you don’t risk anything, [and find yourself risking even more]” (Erica Jong). And by risking everything it is an admittance to die. Love and loyalty are not strong enough factors in this society- betrayal is, and by this betrayal one accepts condemnation to die.

Love and emotional attachments, the underlying components of human nature, lead one to fear pain and betrayal, as well as separation, ultimately causing one to accept the oppression and fear that allows the Party to thrive. In this society to survive one cannot allow a relationship to be formed. One must be solitary and isolated because it is necessary to have love, yet it is fatalistic to seek it out. Love has become a tool for the Party to manipulate. Human nature demands that families are loving and kind; that a couple can spend time together and that love should freely abound in a society. Yet, human nature is controlled and to love is to fear the torture and threats from the Party. Love is betrayal and human nature is to fight against this betrayal. People may wish to have relations with each other, yet the ultimate realization that comes from the novel is that no emotional ties or moral convictions are able to withstand extreme suffering.

Synthesis Essay- Researched Argument: Topic- What are the links between explicit sexual and violent scenes on television and self-destructive behavior among teenagers?

Synthesis Essay- “Researched Argument”QUESTION: What are the links between explicit sexual and violent scenes on television and self-destructive behavior among teen-agers?In its quest for new and sensational ventures to hold its audience, television must excavate into every existing taboo and destroy every moral standard in our culture: Adultery, divorce, homosexuality, fornication, corruption, incest, satanism, and terrible displays of explicit sexual and violent scenes. Because of its inherent power as a visual medium, and because of its almost universal presence in our homes, television can be one of the most effective vehicles for communicating constructive as well as negative messages to the public. Teaching viewers to manage aggression does not necessarily mean filling the airwaves with what we think of as typical educational programming.

Television is full of programs and commercials that depict risky behaviors such as sex and violent exploitations as cool, fun, and exciting. And often, there’s no discussion about the consequences of drinking alcohol, doing drugs, smoking cigarettes, and having premarital sex. For example, (Source B) studies have shown that teens who watch lots of sexual content on TV are more likely to initiate intercourse or participate in other sexual activities earlier than their peers who don’t watch sexually explicit shows. Teens also have their own cultural beliefs about what is normal sexual behavior. Although most teenage girls believe that sex equals love, other teens — especially boys — believe that sex is not the ultimate expression of the ultimate commitment, but a casual activity and minimize risks or serious consequences. That is, of course, what they see on TV. Misconceptions include – all teens are having sex, having sex makes you an adult, something is wrong with you if you’re not having sex, you are a virgin as long as you don’t have sexual intercourse. These infrequent portrayals of sexual risks on TV, such as disease and pregnancy, trivialize the importance of sexual responsibility.

The effect of mass-media (Source A) productions does influence behavior and attitudes. If it didn’t Nike, Budweiser, Pepsi, Calvin Klein, etc. would not invest billions of dollars in advertisements. Some people deny that media violence causes teen violence. They claim that the studies prove a correlation between media violence and teen violence, but not that the media violence causes teen violence. These doubters ignore the mounds of scientific evidence that have been corrected over the years. Over one thousand studies have proven the connection between television violence and real-life violence. According to the American Medical Association (Source E), the average American child witnesses 200,000 acts of violence on TV alone. In addition, children and teenagers play violent video games for hours and also listen to music with violent lyrics. This contributes to the violent behavior, attitude, and character.

Defenders of bloodshed in film, television, and etc. often argue that depictions of killing don’t incite “real” violence because no one is really affected by what they see or read; (Source F) “it’s all just water off a duck’s back.” At heart, this is an argument against free expression. The whole reason to have a First Amendment is that people are influenced by what they see and hear: words and images do change minds, so there must be free competition among them. If what we say, write, or show has no consequences, then why bother to have free speech?There’s an eerie likelihood that violent movies and violent games amplify one another, the film and television images placing thoughts of bloodshed into the mind while games condition the trigger to act on those impulses. (Source F) Do the media serve as textbooks for interpersonal violence and other criminal acts? Is this what our future has become? It is said that the average child in the U.S. spends about 25 hours a week in front of the television. Does violence have to be a part of a thrilling drama? How else can television create programming that is exciting and popular and also communicate messages important for maintaining a healthy and less violent society? Conflict and anger are central to the human condition and for that reason have always been integral to storytelling and entertainment. It is important for television to portray authentic emotional responses to conflict.

It is clear from current initiatives that the findings on violence in the media and its influence on behavior that there are linkage among them. As we look for solutions, we turn our concern about media violence and the negative impact of television from fear to the challenge of using technology to better the lives of citizens. Technology is a powerful tool, and the media images and messages can be disturbing and provocative as well as enlightening.

Dumping in our Waters. This essay explains the vast water pollution we have in our waters.

Water is probably one of the most important resources we have. People can survive without food for several weeks but without water we couldn’t live for more than a week. Millions of liters of water are needed every day worldwide for washing, irrigating crops, and cooling industrial processes, not to mention leisure industries such as swimming pools and water sports centers. (Internet Source) Despite our dependence on water, we use it as dumping ground for all sorts of waste, and do very little to protect the water supplies we have. There are several threats to our water resources. Oil spills kills thousands of seabirds and can wreck water desalination plants and industrial plants drawing their water from affected coastline. (EBSCO CD-ROM source) Poor management of existing water resource can lead to these resources running out or at least shrinking. Much of the pollution in the rivers and seas comes from chemicals, mainly from agriculture. Another pollution issue, which is not brought up often, is thermal pollution. As you can see we have many problems in our waters and we need to protect the waters.

In the long run water pollution is going to harm us more than we now it, because a little bit of our ocean is dieing and sometime in the future its going to kills us. The thing that’s worries me the most is the animals. The animals in the ocean are dieing everyday in the ocean because of the bad pollution we have right now. Every year millions of animals dies because of the water pollution we have and 65% of the sea animal’s die because of the pollution. (Internet source) Companies, industries and people litter in our waters and for sure that is not a good thing. We need to learn that we are not going to live very long if we keep doing this. Every year it has gotten worse, the water pollution has gone about 3% every year and that a whole lot more litter and killing that we do. (Internet source) People like us cause water pollution. Dumping our trash into the ocean is one thing that causes this problem. Another is an oil tanker spilling oil in the ocean or not recycling our trash is seriously destroying the waters even more. The effect by all this water pollution is killing the waters but also a big part is killing our animals. Sea animals are very important to our lives.

One of the main problems is the oils spill we have every year. People call this “oil slicks” a common name for oil spills. One of the hugest media surrounding oil spills was Saddam Hussein in the Gulf War. (Internet Source) He caused many oil spills during the war and that serious killed many of the animals in the ocean. Although measures have been taken to prevent spillage from oil tankers, there will still be accidents as the world use oil, and there is always the possibility of oil being spilled in war or by terrorist activity. (EBSCO CD-ROM source) Oil also gets into the sea from many other sources. On a graph 37% of oil pollution comes from industrial discharges and urban run-off. 33% from vessel operation, 12% on tanker accidents, 9% on atmosphere, 7% on natural sources, and last 2% from exploration production. (Internet source) Oil pollution is a major problem in water pollution and there is really no simple solution to this problem but what we can do is try to prevent, come up with ideas to stop the pollution and protect our waters.

For many years has been used as coolant in industry, especially in power stations. It was never though of as a problem back in the day, because nothing was actually added to the water. However, higher temperatures can cause enzymes and microbes to speed up, and can eventually kill sea animals. Change in temperature can cause fish to migrate to regions where the water is best for them, but kill any species, which cannot move away. (Internet Source) Recently people have realized that only small changes in temperature are need to have considerable environment impact. One possible solution is to use the excess heat from industry to heat home. (Internet Source) In the book Water is everyone’s business it says this might sound very attractive but it is only practical when the homes are fairly close to the power station, and even promise cheap heating is not enough to persuade many people to live next door to a power station. (Behrman A.S. 121) This subject brings me up to my next one, which is a world without trout. If water temperatures keep rising such possibly thing might happen. Unless something is don trout and salmon will be eventually killed because of thermal pollution. The primary cause of this warming water trend and cold water fishery decline is by carbon dioxide. Although transportation produces whopping amounts of atmospheric pollution, fossil fueled power plants alone generate 40% of the carbon dioxide in our air. Ways to prevent this is to find other sources to light up our houses. Now a days companies and industries have found other resources and it has been helping a little bit at a time.

Last of all Drugs in the waters has cause many problems as well. Most drugs are in local streams, rivers, and perhaps even farms, as sewage bio solids used as fertilizer. Most drugs that are not used or have been used are being trashed in our oceans. Now what kind of people does that? This is serious is harming the waters, animals, and even us. Chemicals that come from drugs float around in the water and you don’t even now about this. How does that make you feel because, many people have gotten sick of this pollution and even died. If people have gotten sick of this it takes a while before it kicks in but for sure you get a good dose of sickness. This serious is a big problem that we can easily prevent. Its so simple just don’t trash the waters with the drugs, anywhere than the waters that we so need. This student from West Torrance high school sponsored a poll asking the students whether they think water pollution wills damage our ocean in the long run? 96% of the students think it would. The other question was do you think we should take care of the ocean more because of all the pollution? 87% of the students said yes and 13% said no. (Poll) This poll shows you that we should take care of our waters and think about what pollution is going to do to us in the long run.

In conclusion all these problems that we have in the world should try to be prevented or stopped. We all can be a part of this by not littering because you really don’t now where that trash is going. Most of it goes to the ocean and it kills the waters. Slowly and slowly the waters are going to be destroyed and we really need it. Water is probably the most important that we need to live. Without water we would die, animals would die and everything would die. This essay should be consider by all of the people because in the long run we are not going to live very long if we still pollute the waters. We need water in many different ways and we cannot live without it. Also the animals that we have should not go through the pain of dieing because we are polluting the waters. They have not done anything to us so we shouldn’t do anything to them. Prevent the water pollution in the world as little but as you can because you never now what possibilities it can do.

Air and Water Pollution

Nowadays pollution increases from day to day. Pollution is very bad for our health so illnesses rise gradually. In the past, people could swim in Karyaka or Alsancak but now they cannot do that because of water pollution. Moreover the air is heavily polluted because of our damage. This essay will discuss the causes of air and water pollution in zmir.

Firstly, I want to talk about air pollution. We have many different kinds of causes of air pollution. Firstly, many factories and cars do not use filters in their flues or exhausts. For this reason, the air is damaged from day to day. Another cause is domestic heating systems. Today many people use coal and oil for heating. These include very detrimental matter and if you burn coal and such kind of goods, harmful matter appears.

Secondly, I want to mention about the causes of water pollution. It has got various reasons which are factories, shipping, and drainage. First, many factories and shipping dump waste into the water. For example, the leather factories which are in Yeşildere, were punished because they did not use purification systems. Another cause is drainage. These kinds of waste are very harmful for the sea and also people’s health. In recent years, a new sewer system has been established. Therefore, today we do not smell a bad smell while we are going to Karyaka.

In conclusion, there are many different reasons for air and water pollution. If we do not take measures, we cannot stay alive in the future because we will get rid of clean area completely. Also sickness will increase; as a result of playing in filthy water, many children get sick. Factories and households should use filters in their flues. Finally we should be careful and protect our environment. In this way, we can provide a good area for new generations.

Analysis Essay: Orlane – B21 The Bio-Energic Skin Care Method

In order to advertise their products successfully, advertisers attract the attention of consumers through different combinations of rhetorical appeals. The Orlane skincare websites implements all three rhetorical appeals, ethos appeal, pathos appeal and logos appeals. It also includes “weasel words” as another persuasive method. In comparison with rhetorical appeals, “weasel words” seems hidden to many consumers.

The most obvious rhetorical appeal Orlane uses is ethos or credibility appeal. They use it to demonstrate themselves as an experienced expert who specialized in the dermatological and cosmetic fields and “try to persuade the consumers that the organization is a worthwhile group” (Schryer, 1997a). Orlane has thousands of counters worldwide and the same owner as Lancôme offering credibility, reliability and trustworthiness. Orlane demonstrates the credibility by claiming that they have forty years of experience in dermatological and cosmetic studies and researches to develop outstanding skincare products (Orlane Paris Skincare and Cosmetics, 2004). Orlane further stresses their reliability by providing the fact that they have their own laboratories, dermatological clinics, several beauty centers and institutes and more than five thousand counters worldwide in over 120 countries. They also provide a history of themselves which further emphasizes their credibility appeal:1947: The 2 owners of LANCOME – Armand Petitjean & Guillaume d’Ornano would like to create a new brand, which name is the specific combination of “OR” from Mr. d’Ornano and “LAN” from LANCOME – “ORLANE” is created, a company specializing in beauty care (Orlane Hong Kong, 2004).

It quickly draws attention to the fact that they have the same owner as Lancôme and claims credibility because of the relationship with Lancôme. As a lot of magazines stated, Lancôme, a well known company created by Armand Petitjean that specializes in the cosmetic industry, has received many cosmetic awards such as “Marie-Claire 2006 Prix d‘Excellence” (Lancôme Paris, 2006). This is to let the reader know that the Orlane skincare products, of course, are great cosmetic products because they have a relationship and partnership with Lancôme who received a lot of cosmetic awards. The relationship with Lancôme and forty years of experience in dermatological and cosmetic studies implies that Orlane is a worthwhile organization who is reliable and trustworthy.

After claiming that they are reliable and trustworthy, Orlane applies pathos or emotional argument to develop arguments designed to appeal to consumer’s emotions or deeply held beliefs (Schryer, 1997c). Orlane includes pathos argument in their advertisement as it appeals to the consumer’s fear of looking older as a result of aging. By presenting the claims that they are keeping up with “the most advanced research on the causes of aging” to offer “exceptional quality in skin care” and “help to ensure the preservation of youthfulness”, Orlane automatically gets the attention of those who fear to look older as a result of aging and draws the attention to their skincare products (Orlane Paris Skincare and Cosmetics, 2004). The advertisement ends with a simple sentence stated by Orlane (2004), “These fine… products, provide… youthful looking appearance”, which further inspires the readers to focus on the Orlane skincare products and believe that the skincare products do preserve youthful looking appearance. Orlane uses the pathos argument effectively to appeal to the consumer’s fear of looking old as a result of aging, which in turn triggers the consumer to believe that Orlane skincare products help to preserve the youthfulness. It is because in modern and youth-oriented society, where “‘old’ connotes ‘incompetence, misery, lethargy, unattractiveness, asexuality, and poor health’” (Qtd. In OBERG and Tornstam, 1999, par 13).

Other than credibility and emotional appeals, Orlane also implements logos or logical appeal. Orlane implements logos or logical appeal to persuade the consumers to purchase the products through rational argument such as providing evidence (Schryer, 1997b). Even though the advertisement did not mention the price and the ingredient of the products, following a hypertext link would brings up the price of each products that Orlane offers. Since “price appeared to be more influential” (Gregoire & Perlmutter, 1997), therefore presenting reasonable prices of products may enhance the possibility of consumers considering in purchasing the products. As for ingredients, Orlane claims that their products incorporate “seven vital needs of survival ”, “21 active Biological ingredients” and are “the first to contain amino acids ” (2004). By providing the ingredients of products, especially those claims to help in preservation of youthfulness, will further convince the consumers that the products help to preserve a youthful looking appearance. This in turn will increase the likelihood of consumers in thinking of buying the products. The average cost of the products and ingredients used provide evidence that might convince some consumers to check out the Orlane skincare products.

In addition to the rhetorical appeals, Orlane also include unclear wording or “weasel words” as a less positive advertising strategy. “Weasel words” are “words that seem to be making a claim for the products when in fact they are making no claim at all” (Lutz, 280). Orlane uses a “weasel word” to claim that their products “help to ensure the preservation of youthfulness” (2004). The word “help” is “the biggest weasel word used in advertising doublespeak” and only means “to aid or assist” but “not mean to conquer, stop, eliminate, end, solve, heal, cure, or anything else” (Lutz, 280). However, the true meaning of the word “help” in the claim made by Orlane is hidden to most consumers because “the claim that comes after the weasel word is usually so… dramatic” and consumers “concentrate only on the dramatic claim” (Lutz, 280). The consumers most likely read the magical claim, “ensure the preservation of youthfulness”, into Orlane skincare products advertisement. Moreover, the consumers may get the impression that Orlane skincare products really ensure the preservation of youthfulness. In fact, the advertisement does not claim that the products will do anything. But the consumers will not notice about that as the “weasel word” seems hidden to many of them. Therefore, with the use of “weasel word”, “help”, Orlane successfully blinds the consumers and creates the impression that the products ensure the preservation of youthfulness where they only claims it helps.

In the Orlane advertisement, they use the rhetorical appeals and “weasel words” as their strategies to advertise. Through the effective use of all three rhetorical appeals in combination with the “weasel words”, which seem hidden to many consumers, Orlane has successfully captured the attention and needs of customers.

Nature

Dan Habeeb Hr 6 Nature Essay Sitting out side at in my back yard there are alot of things going on. Sitting under a Orange tree in the smell of blossoms is strong. But later on the blossoms will become an orange that is sweet and jucie. As I sit under the tree i see the bees buzzing into the blossoms and pollinating them. The trees leaves are all a deep green and will stay that way the whole year round. The fruit if not picked will fade from orange to a deep brown where it will rot away and decay.

Out in the day under the tree I often saw a bird fly by or land in the tree. The birds during the day are collectivly getting food for there little ones back in the nests. The birds will fly tree to tree getting bugs and sticks. When some birds find a good tree they build a nest it where they will get sticks, brances, leaves and other things to make it for there little ones. When a bird lays eggs they are little eggs in little time after the mother bird has sat on the eggs they will hatch in to beautiful little birdys.

As the birds fly by while im under the tree i cant help but to look into the deep blue sky and see the white and grey clowds fly by. Clowds come in all difrent shaps and sizes.

Some clowds resemble things like great people or just a common tool. If i was a clowd i would float freely in the sky without a care in the sky. I think the clowds are beautiful and soft they would be fun to use as a pillow.

After a while of sitting my dog would come up him and his slobbery toung would lick my face. Big and fat he is play full but lacking of the energy to run for a long time. I wish he was like how he was back when he was a puppy. So playfull and energetic but i think he is a great dog. Big brown fat and big pink toung wet with water and slober from the watter bole.

When it came time to go in it was quite hot . How hot the sun is just sitting there in the sky. Yellow but still orange makes the world what it is with out it we would be nothing but with it we live. The sun gives people life but it can also cause problems that can take a life. The sun is the center of the glaixy so i would think with out it nothing would be alive today we would have all frozee and died long before we were created with out it . I think that nature is great

How does TS Eliot evoke scenes, characters and moral atmosphere in his early poems? Essay considers: ‘Prufrock’, ‘Portrait of a Lady’ and ‘Rhapsody on a windy night’.

Eliot uses a variety of techniques to evoke scenes, characters and moral atmosphere. Such techniques include the use of metaphor and simile to evoke feeling in what Eliot called the ‘objective correlative’ technique, the presence of certain recurring images, the employing of dramatic monologue as well as direct speech, the frequent use of allusion, and the creation of olfactory, aural, and tactile landscapes to compliment the visual ones. As we shall see the evocations of the three elements of poetry in question – scene, character and mood – are interdependent. First, I shall consider the use of dramatic monologue.

Many of Eliot’s early poems are dramatic monologue, most notably …Prufrock and Portrait…These are both evocations of character. In Portrait of a Lady, the narrator is not the lady of the title. We see the lady externally – she is described by the narrator – and we see the narrator internally – he is characterised by his own peculiarities in the way he views the world, which come through most clearly in dramatic monologue. Consider, for example, the following quotation from Portrait…:

Among the windings of the violins

And the ariettes of cracked cornets

Inside my head a dull tom-tom begins

The cornets are not really cracked and the sound of violins need not be winding, this is just how they appear to the narrator. Thus his reluctance to be at the concert is conveyed. Dramatic monologue is used for a similar effect in …Prufrock. Here, the fragmented, anaphoric form of the poem reflects the mode of Prufrock’s thought and so contributes to his characterisation.

As stated earlier, the lady in Portrait of a Lady is depicted externally. We see in this another strategy of Eliot’s for effective characterisation. She is effectively characterised by direct speech. The nagging, repetitious, insistent voice of hers (“And how, how rare and strange it is, to find / In a life composed so much, so much of odds and ends”) conveys the neurotic edge to her character, as well as her loneliness and desperation.

Because, in the dramatic monologue poems, the narrator is characterised by the way in which he perceives his surroundings, an evocation of scene is often really an evocation of character. Thus, another technique for evoking character is the evocation of scene. Eliot makes use of simile, metaphor and the objective correlative technique. For example, in …Prufrock, the evening is described as “Like a patient etherised upon a table”. This sets the scene, as well as conveying Prufrock’s enervation with the world.

Rhapsody on a Windy Night is perhaps the poem in which scene is most important. Here, the ethereal scene is set in the opening stanza, with lines such as “held in a lunar synthesis / Whispering lunar incantations”, and the scene is added to throughout the rest of the poem. The lines:

Along the reaches of the street

Held in a lunar synthesis

Whispering lunar incantations

are an especially effective evocation of scene. The use of suggestive vocabulary, such as “reaches”, gives ominous undertones to the streets. The positioning of “held in a lunar synthesis” is ambiguous: the line could be referring to the lunar incantations or to the street. In fact, the ambiguous positioning allows it to refer to both, emphasising the idea of a “synthesis”. The assonance and sibilance of “Whispering lunar incantations” mimics the sound of incantations, rendering the narrative more vivid. The line “whispering lunar incantations” does not make logical sense: incantations cannot whisper, rather they are themselves whispered. This inversion, and the other subtle effects, serve to heighten the otherworldly nature of the scene.

Eliot often adds to the evocation of scene by stressing the time of year. For example, in Prufrock, the night is “soft October” – a time of decay, but a time of beauty. In Portrait…, it is first “December” – a barren, as well as a romantic time – and then “April” – a time of new life. But here, the boundary between scene and moral atmosphere merges: the month sets the scene, but the scene is a reflection of the mood. Thus, the evocation of scene, as well as being an evocation of character, is an evocation of moral atmosphere. Often, moral atmosphere is a product of scene and character. For example, in …Prufrock, the atmosphere of being trapped is evoked by the evocation of scene (“streets that follow like a tedious argument / Of insidious intent”), as well as the evocation of character – Prufrock’s language is trapped in a circular never-ending crisis of indecision (e.g. frequently returning to the question “…should I…”).

The moral atmosphere is further intensified by Eliot’s use of the objective correlative technique. For example, the “old crab with barnacles on its back” in Rhapsody…, which “gripped the end of a stick”, evokes a sense of yearning and desperation for escape (with death encroaching), which is a theme of the poem. The moral atmosphere of Eliot’s poetry is often similar in its gloom. Therefore, Eliot is able to use recurring images and motifs that further enhance his evocation. One such recurring image is that of being stretched. We see it in: “when the evening is spread out against the sky”, “slowly twisting the lilac stalks”, and “his soul stretched tight across the skies”. It is an image of torture, and exposure. Another such image is that of smoke or fog, present in …Prufrock, Portrait…, and Rhapsody…. This image evokes feelings of being trapped.

Eliot’s poetry often appeals to multiple senses in order to be more evocative. For example, in Rhapsody…, “the reminiscence comes…[of] female smells…and cocktail smells in bars”. This appeals to the sense of smell. In Portrait…, the sense of hearing is played upon, with “attenuated tones of violins / mingled with remote cornets”. Finally, the sense of touch is also appealed to, with such tactile descriptions as “smoothed by long fingers”.

A further method used by Eliot to render his poetry more evocative is that of allusion. Alluding to other literature allows Eliot to capture a vast amount of meaning in relatively few words. For example, “an atmosphere of Juliet’s tomb” is something very hard to describe fully. In fact, to gain an appreciation of the full range of its meaning, one must be familiar with Romeo and Juliet. Eliot is able to use the allusion to add the full range of meaning to his poem. Another example of allusion is Prufrock’s “I have seen my head…brought in upon a platter”. Here, knowledge of the circumstances surrounding John the Baptist’s death adds meaning to the poetry. Eliot often includes epigraphs at the beginning of his poems. These are evocative by suggesting one of the main themes of the poem. For example, in Portrait…, the inclusion of the line “and besides, the wench is dead” from The Jew of Malta add to the characterisation of the man in the poem as cruelly dismissive and detached.